The Indian Ocean: Cradle of Globalization

The Indian Ocean Littoral: Cartography and Port Cities

The following sites, developed by Fellows in the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) 2002 Summer Institute at the University of Pennsylvania, examine the historical role of port cities in the creation of the Indian Ocean world. The sites aim to engage students in thinking about the roles of these Indian Ocean littoral cities. Topics include:

During the pre-colonial era, the Indian Ocean's ports largely remained subordinate to hinterland political authorities. Port cities took on greater significance during the eighteenth century as European powers utilized ports as bridgeheads to territorial empire. Local populations flocked to these growing littoral centers in search of colonial-era opportunities, and there developed dynamic coastal cultural forms that proved resilient to colonial control and often formed the basis of nationalist politics.

Maintained and updated by the authors, the initial development of this website is made possible by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) 2002 Summer Institute at the University of Pennsylvania. The website contents are reviewed regularly for accuracy and timeliness. Efforts are made to update material as the need arises in order to make this information accessible through the Internet. As with many Web Pages, these pages are often "under construction" to reflect the continuous changes in the web and in current information. Therefore, these pages may be incomplete or have missing links. Your patience is appreciated.

The web sites include links to sites outside the control of the authors. The authors are not responsible for information on these or other such linked sites. Please respect the copyright notices attached to the Web Sites you view.

© 2002 The Individual Authors. All rights reserved.