Perfective Past Tense
Read the following sentences:
É. me& kagX kaPyo.I cut a paper.
Ê. me& kagXo kaPya.I cut papers.
Ë. me& kerI kapI.I cut a mango.
Ì. me& kerIAo kapI.I cut mangos.
Í. me& keXu& kaPyu&.I cut a banana.
Î. me& keXa& kaPya&.I cut bananas.
Ï. rme=e kagX kaPyo.Ramesh cut a paper.
Ð. rme=e kagXo kaPya.Ramesh cut papers.
Ñ. rme=e kerI kapI.Ramesh cut a mango.
ÉÈ. rme=e kerIAo kapI.Ramesh cut mangos.
ÉÉ. rme=e keXu& kaPyu&.Ramesh cut a banana.
ÉÊ. rme=e keXa& kaPya&.Ramesh cut bananas.
ÉË. nImaAe kagX kaPyo.Nima cut a paper.
ÉÌ. nImaAe kagXo kaPya.Nima cut papers.
ÉÍ. nImaAe kerI kapI.Nima cut a mango.
ÉÎ. nImaAe kerIAo kapI.Nima cut mangos.
ÉÏ. nImaAe keXu& kaPyu&.Nima cut a banana.
ÉÐ. nImaAe keXu& kaPyu&.Nima cut bananas.
B. In perfective sentences, if a verb is transitive, use pronoun from the following set.
1st personme& Ame, Aap8e
2nd personte& tme
3rd personte8e teAoAe, tem8e
In addition the subject noun in such constructions, takes -Ae as the examples from Ï to ÉÐ above show.
C. In such sentences, the verb must agree with the object in gender and number. Look at the sentences given at the top of this page. In 1kagX is masculine and singular, therefore the verb kapvu& is kaPyo while in 2 it is masculine and plural, therefore the verb is kaPya. In the similar manner, in 5 keXu& is neutral and singular, the verb is kaPyu& whereas in 6, it is neutral and plural the verb is changed to kaPya&. We have seen earlier that the feminine forms do not take plural marker - Ao, therefore the verbal forms of 3 and 4 do not show singular plural contrast.