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Words ending in a vowel plus nasal.

Words ending in a vowel plus the nasal consonants m and n change to nasalized vowels, and the nasal segment is deleted.This does not occur with final retroflex n; such items have an epenthetic u added (cf. below).

Generally, long vowels retain their same quality, but add nasalization. Short vowels may change, e.g. undergo rounding, fronting, or some other phonetic process.

<UL> <LI> Thus words ending in ǣ am such as maram `tree' are phonetically [m '025 r ];

<LI> Long aa before m retains the low-central quality: ؽԴԣ poohalaam `let it go' is phonetically [po '161 hal];

<LI> Long oo before m retains the tense mid back position: ԣ `we are' irukkroom is [ir '124 kr].

<LI> Long ee before n retains the tense mid front articulation: Ũ irukkreen `I am' is [ir '124 kr].

<LI> Short u after m remains high, back, and rounded: ؽޣ poohum `it will go' is [po '161 h].

<LI> Short a before n is front in the dialects of many speakers, to [æ] or []: ¨ avan `he' is [av æ] or [av].

<LI> short e before n occurs mainly in the item ͨ en `my', where it is pronounced [ ]

<LI> Short o before n occurs mainly in the item Ш on `your', where it is pronounced [ ]

<LI> There are no occurrences of uu, or of short i before nasals in final position

</UL>



Harold_F.Schiffman