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Semantically Locative Expressions

Adverbs that are already semantically locative, such as the deictic particles, the points of the compass, positional markers involving height above or below, etc. are not marked for locative with ablative, but add the ablative marker directly to their stems.

There is a morphophonemic -y- following -e in most of these forms; in rapid speech it may not be phonetically obvious. In rapid speech or some dialects, lerundu may become lerndu or lendu.

In some cases, both lerundu and kitterundu can be used with animate nouns, with contrast in meaning, as is shown by the following example: Annamalai and Ramanujan, ms.

The LT equivalent of animate locative ե׹ kitte is a totally different form, ɹ, not used in ST.