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Oblique and Genitive

Since the oblique form of the noun may be used to indicate possession, it is often considered to be a case form (see below), i.e. equivalent to what is called `genitive' in other case systems. But in fact the oblique form can have case markers added to it, or can stand alone. It thus presents a challenge to analysts of the Tamil case system.

In LT there were a number of possible additional genitive markers such as Ǩ an (used primarily with pronouns, and now used in ST only as a `frozen' form in ǻ adanaale `therefore'); ɨ in (not used in ST): and ٹ udaiya, obviously a postposition derived from the verb ٹ udai `possess'. ٹ udaiya could be attached to Ǩ an or ɨ in, as in ǻٹ adanudaiya `its'.

In ST, ٹ udaiya has changed to ׹ oode, and is used by many speakers, in addition to the `bare' oblique stem.



Harold_F.Schiffman