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Stems with NC versus CC.

Other pairs are distinguished by a contrast between stems with a nasal consonant plus homorganic stop in the intransitive versus no nasal but double consonant stop in the transitive/causative.

Sometimes there are verbs where the semantic relationship is obscured historically, as in:

tuungu `sleep' vs. ڡ tuukku `lift'

The semantic relationship here may have originally been tuungu `hang, be suspended' (e.g. in a hammock) vs. ڡ tuukku `hang, suspend something' (e.g. hang up a hammock).

Vasu Renganathan
Sat Nov 2 21:16:08 EST 1996