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Syntax of aspectual verbs

Syntactically, aspectual verbs are added to the adverbial participle (AVP)This is a form of the verb that is essentially its past stem minus person-number-gender (PNG) markers; it expresses in ordinary syntax the notion that some verbal action preceded another verbal action, that expressed by the next verb in the sentence. A sentence may have only one finite verb; all other verb must be non-finite, such as the adverbial participle (AVP), the infinitive, or some other. The AVP is essentially the past-stem of the verb, and has various morphological and syntactic functions. We will give examples of the AVP forms when we list paradigms of verbs; the function of the AVP will be explained in the chapter on syntax (§ xxx, Chapter VII.) of the lexical (`main') verb. Aspectual verbs then are marked for tense and PNG, since the AVP preceding them cannot be so marked. Morphologically they then act identically to the lexical verb from which they are derived, i.e. take the tense markers etc. of the class of lexical verb they are identical to.

Vasu Renganathan
Sat Nov 2 21:16:08 EST 1996