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If the adjective is in the predicate and not preceding any noun,
as in English `this house is new', it must be nominalized in Tamil by
the addition of â -tu or in some cases, ß su Example:
Éÿâ ÂÖà äâß inta viidu pudusu `this house is (a) new
(one)'. In some cases, the consonants of the stem also undergo morphophonemic
alternation when nominalized: ¶Õ¨Æ cinna ¶Õìß
sirisu. The following is a list of nominalized forms of `true'
- ×½ÀÕß perisu `big thing'
- ¶ÕÅÕß sirisu `small thing'
- ¼§Áâ nalladu `good thing'
- ×´¥¹â kettadu `bad thing'
- äâß pudusu `new thing'
- ½Å¿â pa= to0pt.25ex
##= by .25ex
ayadu `old thing'
Nominalizations of the sort in English `good man' are also possible, by
suffixing the third person pronouns directly to the adjectival stem:
×½ÀÕ¿Â¨ periyavan `big man', ¶Õ¨ÆÂ¨ cinnavan `small man',
¼§ÁÂç nallavaru `good man', ×´¥¹Âõ´ kettavanga
`bad people', etc.Arden (1942) refers to these as `participial