Some Unpublished LXX/OG Fragments from the Amherst Papyri

The end of the second volume of the PAmh collection includes the following listing and explanation (pp. 203f):

[quote] The following fragments of theological works, which we have been unable to identify, were all bought together with 191 [= Ex 19, Goettingen # 914 (B-M "U5"), plus Isa 58, Goettingen # 915 (perhaps identified by G.Bardy; see below to PAmh 200], 192 [= Dt 32, Goettingen # 916 (B-M "U6")] and 193 [= Prv 10, Goettingen # 917].

CXCIV [194]. Three small fragments from a papyrus book, the largest measuring 6.7 x 3.9 cm., in a large uncial hand resembling that of 191 and 192, perhaps forming part of the same manuscript. About the sixth century A.D. [See below on the Isaiah fragment.]

CXCV [195]. 8.6 x 4.5 cm. Fragment of a papyrus book containing on the recto parts of 14 lines, and on the verso parts of 12 much effaced lines. Recto ll. 2-5 [Greek letters given]. About the 5th century A.D.

CXCVI [196]. Seven fragments, the largest measuring 15.8 x 5.8 cm., from a papyrus book written in an irregular uncial hand of the sixth or seventh century A.D. Frag. (b) recto ll. 2-6 [Greek letters given].

[CXCVII has further fragments of Shepherd of Hermas = PAmh 190]

CXCVIII [198]. Six fragments [actually 7 in the plate, perhaps one had fractured?], the largest measuring 4.2 x 6.2 cm, from a papyrus book. [Then 4-5 letters from each of 5 lines of one of the fragments are transcribed.] About the fifth century A.D. [See below, and the images, for identification as Judges text A.]

CXCIX [199]. Three fragments, the largest measuring 8 x 13.1 cm., containing on the recto some effaced cursive writing and on the verso parts of several lines in a large uncial hand of the sixth or seventh century A.D. Frag. (A) line 6. KATAI FUSEW[.

CC [200]. Fourteen small fragments, the largest measuring 7.5 x 5.6 cm., belonging to the papyrus of the Psalms (Amh. Pap. I.6 = Goettingen # 2009). [See G.Bardy, Revue de philol.33 (1909) 258; Rahlfs, Sept.- Stud. 2 (1907) 17f, 105.]

CCI [201]. Eleven miscellaneous fragments [the photo only shows nine; perhaps some joins were made?] of papyrus books, the largest measuring 3.5 x 4.6 cm., in different hands. Sixth or seventh century A.D. [end quote]

My attention had been drawn to this particular collection in 1995 when I was searching the Nachlass of Nathaniel Reich at the Center for Advanced Judaic Studies for clues about the acquisition of papyri by that library (formerly Dropsie College). Reich had been enlisted to assess the Amherst collection when it had been purchased by the J. Pierpont Morgan Library in New York City. Among Reich's handwritten notes was an unlabeled list of the Amherst collection and some correspondence with the Pierpont Morgan Library contacts in New York. This led me to take a closer look at the Amherst materials, and after identifying the Judges fragment, to visit the Library and later to obtain black and white photographs of the fragments. In October 2001, I was permitted to take digitized images as well. Computer assisted searching has produced the following identifications in these materials:

PAmh 198 (the A-text of Judges 16 etc.)

A computer search of the TLG data on my IBYCUS station led to the identification of the transcribed fragment of PAmh 198 as from the "A text" of the Old Greek translation(s) of the book of Judges. Presumably the original editors missed this identification because the tools at their disposal did not index the readings of the "A-text" for Judges.

PAmh 194 frg a

is another fragment of Isaiah 58.11-14 (Rahlfs/Goettingen # 915 = PAmh 191 fragment two), but since the original editors failed to identify the PAmh 191 fragment, it is not surprising that they also missed this.

The note introducing the PAmh 191 added fragment reads "The following fragment is certainly from the same MS. [of Exodus], and should be readily identified, but we have not succeeded in doing so. It is from the lower part of a leaf, and the recto formed the conclution of a chapter or section" (p. 201). Someone else did identify the fragment (possibly G.Bardy) prior to the publication of Rahlfs' list of LXX/OG MSS in 1914.

PAmh 194a + PAmh 191 frg 2 (against the fibers)

1. pantos ].AI EM[plhsqhsh 58.11
2. kaqap]ER EP[iqumei h yu
3. XH[ sou kai ]TAS OS[ta sou pian
4. QH[setai k]AI ESH[ ws khpos
5. M[equwn ]UMW]. kai ws phgh hn
6. MH[ eceli]PEN[ udwr kai 58.12
7. oikodo]MHQ[hsontai sou ai
8. erhmoi a]IWN[nioi . . .

frg 2 from PAmh 191 + PAmh 194a (with the fibers)
1. . . agia t]W [qw- sou ouk
2. areis to]N POD[a sou ep er
3. gwi oude lalh]SEIS L[ogon en or
4. gh ek tou]OIOM[atos sou] KAI 58.14
5. esh pepo]QWS[ epi k]N- KAI
6. anabibasei]SE EPI[ ta agaq]A THS
7. ghs kai y]WMIEI[ se thn [KLH
8. ronomia]N IAKW[b tou pa[TROS
9. sou to gar ]STOM[a ku- elalhsen
10. tauta ] > > > > > >
11. . . . . . . ] . . . . . .

PAmh 200 ( largest frg)

is from the same codex leaf of the Psalter as PAmh 6 frg d (see also the enlarged version), but contains a textual variant that may have created problems for its exact identification and placement by the original editors.

The fragments of the codex have been repositioned in the images as follows:

PAmh 6(a) = Psalm 107.14b -108.2a (recto), 108.12-13 (verso)

PAmh 6(b) = Psalm 118.115-122a (recto), 118.126b-135 (verso)

PAmh 6(c) = Psalm 135.17b - 136.1 (verso), 136.6b - 137.3a (recto)

PAmh 6(d) = Psalm 138.20b - 139.7a (verso), 139.9b - 140.4a (recto) [with expanded view]