|Longer Greek (TLG)
(from Syriac version)
||Shorter Greek (TLG)
Παμφίλου τοῦ ἁγίου μάρτυρος
σὺν αὐτῷ τελειωθέντων θαυμασίων ἀνδρῶν
καὶ πολυτρόπους εὐσεβείας ἄθλους ἐπιδε-
THE time now
which was displayed of the all-holy martyr
and of those who together with him were consummated by martyrdom;
under many forms, contests for the sake of the worship of God.
ad omnibus enarrandum
et gloriosum spectaculum
virorum admirabilium, cum eo consummatorum,
et qui ostenderunt multiplicia certamina pietatis.
Καιρὸς δῆτα καλεῖ
τὸ μέγα καὶ περιβόητον ἀνιστορῆσαι
θέατρον τῶν ἀμφὶ τὸ τριπόθητον ἔμοιγε ὄνομα Παμφίλου
τελειωθέντων,ἢ καὶ ἀποστολικοῦ χαρίσματος καὶ ἀριθμοῦ κατηξιωμένοι·
δώδεκα δ’ ἦσαν
οἱ πάντες προφητικοῦ τινος
IT IS time
the great and celebrated spectacle
thrice dear to me,
and of those
who finished their course
They were twelve in all; being counted worthy of apostolic grace and number.
|πλείστων γοῦν ὅσων ἐγνωσμένων ἡμῖν κατὰ τὸν
τὸν περὶ ὧν ὁ λόγος ἀγῶνα σπανιώτατον ὧν ἡμεῖς
ἔγνωμεν, ἱστορήσαμεν, ἀθρόως ἐν αὐτῷ πᾶν εἶδος ἡλικιῶν τε σώματος
καὶ ψυχῶν ἀγωγῆς βίου τε καὶ ἀναστροφῆς διαφόρου περιειληφότα
βασάνων τε ποικίλοις εἴδεσι καὶ τοῖς κατὰ τὸ τέλειον μαρτύριον
ἐνηλλαγμένοις στεφάνοις κεκοσμημένον.
there are many whom we know
to have been victorious
in this persecution; but in none altogether
have just mentioned did we behold
of bodily stature, and of moral qualities
of soul and education,
and of deaths
in nobis cognita persecutione
eorum de quibus agimus rarissimun certamen
quod in se
variis tormentorum generibus,
Here the longer version seems to summarize what is reported in both versions by way of detail, below.
τε γὰρ ἦν ἰδεῖν καὶ
κομιδῇ παῖδας τῶν σὺν αὐτοῖς Αἰγυπτίων τινάς, ἡβῶντας δὲ ἄλλους,<>
μεθ’ ὧν καὶ
ὁ Πορφύριος ἦν, ἀκμαίους τε αὖ σώματί τε ὁμοῦ καὶ φρονήσει τοὺς ἀμφὶ τὸ ποθεινόν μοι ὄνομα
καὶ Ἰουλιανόν, ἄμφω
τῆς Καππαδοκῶν γῆς
of the Egyptians
who were with them appeared to be youths
in the prime of life,
was Porphyrius; others again were in the full vigour both of mind
namely, those who were of the house of Pamphilus, that name dearly beloved by me; and Paulus,
who came from Iamna;
both of whom came from the country of Cappadocia.
ex illis qui erant
alios autem pubescentes,
cum quibus erat Porphyrius,
Again, a summary of the detailed accounts below.
ἦσαν δὲ ἐν αὐτοῖς καὶ ἱερᾷ πολιᾷ βαθυτάτῳ τε γήρᾳ πεπυκασμένοι,
Οὐάλης, διάκονος τῆς Ἱεροσολυμιτῶν ἐκκλησίας, καὶ ὁ τοὔνομα (15)
|There were also among them some venerable seniors who were bent down with deep old age, as Vales, a deacon of the church of Jerusalem, and that other, whose conduct was conformable to his name, |37 Theodulus.||Erant autem inter eos sacris quoque canis et profunda ornati senectute, Valens quidam diaconus ecclesias Hierosolymitanas, et cui verum nomen obtigerat, Theodulus.||
Again, see below.
τοιαύτη μὲν οὖν ἐν αὐτοῖς ἡ τῶν ἡλικιῶν <>ἐτύγχανε
ποικιλία· ψυχῶν δὲ ἀγωγαῖς διήλλαττον,
καὶ ἁπλούστερον ἔτι τὸν νοῦν φοροῦντες,
οἳ δὲ καὶ >
πάνυ στιβαρὸν καὶ ἐμβριθὲς κεκτημένοι τὸ ἦθος,
|There was, likewise,
of bodily stature :
and they differed too in their mental acquirements,
for some of them were very simple-minded
while others were possessed of profound understandings
and courageous habits.
|II. Atque haec
astatum varietas. Animis autem
Nam alii quidem erant rudiores,
et quibus erat ingenium
alii vero severi
et morum gravitate praediti.
Again, see below.
καὶ οἱ τῶν ἱερῶν μαθημάτων οὐκ ἀνεπιστήμονες·
|There were also some among them
who were also instructed
quoque nonnulli disciplinarum sacrarum
|συγγενῶς δὲ ἅπασιν
ἡ ἀνδρεία προσῆν.
in all of them
was their praiseworthy courage remarkable.
et admirabilis animi fortitude.
|d οἷα δέ τις ἐν ἀποστίλβουσιν
ἄστροις ἡμεροφανὴς φωστὴρ ἐν μέσοις διέπρεπεν ἐξαστράπτων ὁ
ἐμὸς δεσπότης (οὐ γὰρ ἑτέρως προσειπεῖν ἔστι μοι θέμις τὸν θεσπέσιον
καὶ μακάριον ὡς ἀληθῶς Πάμφιλον)· παιδείας γὰρ οὗτος τῆς παρ’
Ἕλλησι θαυμαζομένης οὐ μετρίως ἧπτο τῇ τε κατὰ τὰ θεῖα δόγματα
καὶ τὰς θεοπνεύστους γραφάς, εἰ χρή τι θρασύτερον, πλὴν ἀληθὲς
εἰπεῖν, ὡς οὐδ’ ἕτερον ἔχει τις φάναι τῶν κατ’ αὐτόν, ἤσκητο. μεῖζον
δὲ τούτων ἐκέκτητο πλεονέκτημα τὴν οἴκοθεν, μᾶλλον δὲ θεόθεν
αὐτῷ δεδωρημένην σύνεσίν τε καὶ σοφίαν.
like the sun which giveth light to the day among the stars, so in the
them all shone forth the excellency of My Lord Pamphilus--
for it is not meet that I should mention the name of that holy and blessed Pamphilus without styling him My Lord,
for he indeed had no slight acquaintance with that learning which those among the Greeks admire; while there was no one in our time who was [p. 40] so well instructed in those scriptures which proceed from the Spirit of God, and also in the whole range of theology.
|Veluti autem quoddam in die resplendens luminare in astris fulgentibus, in medio eorum eminebat meus Dominus, non est enim fas mihi aliter appellare divinum et plane beatissimum Pamphilum. Is enim et eruditionem, qua? habetur apud Grgecos in admiratione, non modice attigerat, et in divinorum dogmatum et divinitus inspiratarum scripturarum eruditione, si quid audacius, sed verum dicendum est, ita erat exercitatus, ut nullus aeque ex iis qui erant suo tempore. Quod autem erat his longe majus et praestantius, habebat donum, nempe domi natam, vel potius ei a Deo datam, intelligentiam et sapientiam.||
On Pamphilus and the scriptures, see futher below.
|(2.) ὧν ὁ κορυφαῖος καὶ τῇ τοῦ κατὰ Καισάρειαν
τιμῇ κεκοσμημένος μόνος ἐτύγχανεν ὁ Πάμφιλος, ἀνὴρ καὶ
παρ’ ὅλον αὐτοῦ τὸν βίον πάσῃ διαπρέψας ἀρετῇ, ἀποτάξει
καὶ καταφρονήσει βίου, τῆς οὐσίας εἰς ἐνδεεῖς κοινωνίᾳ,
κοσμικῶν ἐλπίδων ὀλιγωρίᾳ, φιλοσόφῳ πολιτείᾳ καὶ
|Of these the leader and the only
honored with the position of presbyter at Caesarea,
a man who through his entire life was celebrated for every virtue,
for renouncing and despising the world,
for sharing his possessions with the needy, for contempt of earthly hopes, and for philosophic deportment and exercise.
|e καὶ τὰ μὲν περὶ ψυχὴν
οὕτως εἶχον οἱ πάντες·
βίου δὲ αὖθις καὶ ἀναστροφῆς πλείστη τις ἐν
αὐτοῖς ὑπῆρχε διαλλαγή, τοῦ μὲν Παμφίλου ἐξ εὐπατριδῶν κατάγοντος
τὸ κατὰ σάρκα γένος ἐπισήμως τε ταῖς κατὰ τὴν πατρίδα πολιτείαις
|And what is even greater than these acquirements, he was possessed of natural wisdom and discernment, that is, he received them by the gift of God. Moreover, Pamphilus was by birth of an illustrious family, and his mode of living in his own country was as that of the noble.||III. Et quod ad animum quidem attinet, omnes ita se babebant. Vitae autem conditionis et conversations erat inter eos plurimadifferentia, cum Pamphilus quidem duceret genus secundum carnem ex iis qui erant honesto loco nati, fuisset autem insignis in republica gerenda in patria sua;||
|τοῦ δὲ Σελεύκου ταῖς κατὰ τὴν στρατείαν
|Seleucus also had held a place of authority in the army.||Seleucus vero fuisset
insign'iter ornatus militige dignitatibus;
|τῶν δὲ τῆς μέσης καὶ κοινῆς γεγονότων
ἀγωγῆς. οὐκ ἦν δὲ αὐτῶν ὁ χορὸς οὐδὲ τοῦ οἰκετικοῦ γένους ἐκτός·
|Some of them
again were of the middle rank of life,
and one also, who was called to this honour together with the rest, was a slave of the governor.
|alii autem nati essent ex
Non erat eorum chorus nee extra servilem conditionem.
ὅ τε γὰρ ἡγεμονικῆς οἰκετίας θεράπων αὐτοῖς συγκατείλεκτο καὶ ὁ
Πορφύριος, τὸ μὲν δοκεῖν τοῦ Παμφίλου γεγονὼς οἰκέτης, διαθέσει
γε μὴν ἀδελφοῦ καὶ μᾶλλον γνησίου παιδὸς διενηνοχὼς οὐδὲν ἢ ἐλλείπωντῆς πρὸς τὸν δεσπότην κατὰ πάντα μιμήσεως.
|Porphyrius too was reckoned the slave of Pamphilus, but in his love towards God and in his admirable confession he was his brother; and by Pamphilus himself he was considered rather as a beloved son; and, indeed, in every thing he closely resembled him who had brought him up.||Nam et ex prassidis domo in eorum numerum relatus erat Theodulus, et Porphyrius, qui specie quidem erat Pamphili famulus; is autem ipsum affectione habebat loco fratris, vel germani potius filii, ut qui mini omitteret, quo minus imitaretur dominum.|
τί γὰρ ἀλλ’ εἰ φαίη
τις αὐτοὺς ὁλόκληρον ἐν βραχεῖ τύπον ἐκκλησιαστικοῦ συστήματος
περιειληφέναι, οὐκ ἂν ἐκτὸς βάλοι τῆς ἀληθείας,
|And were any one to say of this company of them all that they were a perfect representation of a congregation of the church, I should say that he did not go beyond the truth.||Quid aliud? Si quis dixerit in summa, eos ecclesiastici coetus typum esse complexes, is non procul abfuerit a veritate,|
|πρεσβυτερίου μὲν ἐν
αὐτοῖς ἠξιωμένου τοῦ Παμφίλου διακονίας τε τοῦ Οὐάλεντος τήν τε
τῶν ἐπὶ τοῦ πλήθους ἀναγινώσκειν εἰθισμένων τάξιν εἰληχότων ἑτέρων
ὁμολογίαις τε διὰ καρτερικωτάτης μαστίγων ὑπομονῆς ἔτι πάλαι πρὸ
τοῦ κατὰ τὸ μαρτύριον τέλους τοῦ Σελεύκου διαπρέψαντος καὶ τὴν
τῆς στρατιωτικῆς ἀξίας ἀποβολὴν ἐρρωμένως καταδεξαμένου
|For among them Pamphilus had been honoured with the presbytery, and Vales was in the orders of the diaconate, and others among them had the rank of readers; and Seleucus, even before the consummation of his confession, had been honoured as a confessor by the suffering of cruel scourgings, and had endured with patience his dismissal from his command in the army.||cum inter eos presbyterio
quidem dignatus esset Pamphilus; Valens vero diaconatu, et alii sortiti
locum eorum, qui e multitudine consueverunt legere, et confessionibus
fortissimam flagrorum tolerantiam diu ante in martyrio praeclarissime
gessisset Seleucus, et militaris dignitatis amissionem fortiter
||[Of these the leader and the only one honored with the position of presbyter at Caesarea, was Pamphilus;]|
λοιπῶν ἐπὶ τούτοις διὰ κατηχουμένων καὶ πιστῶν
|And |38 the remainder of the others who came after these were hearers and receivers (catechumens).||et
reliqui deinde per catechumenos et fideles reliquam implerent
|τοὐπίλοιπον τῆς ὡς
ἐν εἰκόνι σμικρᾷ μυριάνδρου ἐκκλησίας ἀφομοίωμα φερούσης ἀναπληρούντων.
|And thus, under a small form, they completed the representation of a perfect church of many persons.||similitudinem innumerabilis ecclesiae, ut in parva imagine.|
παράδοξον τὴν τοσούτων καὶ τηλικούτων μαρτύρων
ἐκλογὴν ἐθεωρήσαμεν, καθ’ ἣν καίτοι γε οὐ πολλοῖς τὸν ἀριθμὸν οὖσιν (50)
ὅμως οὐδὲν ἀπέδει ταγμάτων ἐν ἀνθρώποις εὑρισκομένων. οἷα γοῦν ἐν
πολυχόρδῳ λύρᾳ ἐξ ἀνομοίων, συνεστώσῃ χορδῶν, ὀξειῶν καὶ
βαρειῶν τῶν τε ἀνειμένων καὶ ἐπιτεταμένων καὶ μέσων εὖ διηρμοσ-
μένων ἁπασῶν τέχνῃ τῇ μουσικῇ,
|And so this admirable selection of all these martyrs and such as these, while we looked upon them, although they were not many in number, lo ! they still bore the semblance of a many-stringed harp, which consists of chords that do not resemble each other--the tenor and base, and flat, and sharp, and medial, all of which are well arranged together by the art of music.||IV. Sic adspexi admirabilem tarn
multorum et talium martyrum electionem, qui
etsi non essent multi numero, nullus tamen aberat ex iis ordinibus, qui
inveniuntur inter homines. Quomodo autem lyra, quae multas habet
chordas, et ex
chordis constat dissimilibus, acutis et gravibus, remissisque et
mediis, arte musica concinne adaptatis omnibus,
|κατὰ τὰ αὐτὰ δὴ καὶ ἐπὶ τούτων
νέοι κατὰ τὸ αὐτὸ καὶ πρεσβύται δοῦλοί τε ὁμοῦ καὶ ἐλεύθεροι λόγιοί τε (55)
καὶ ἰδιῶται ἄδοξοί τε κατὰ τὸ τοῖς πολλοῖς δοκοῦν καὶ ἐπίδοξοι πιστοί
τε καὶ κατηχούμενοι ἅμα καὶ διάκονοι σὺν πρεσβυτέροις, οἱ πάντες @1
ὡς ἂν ὑφ’ ἑνὸς πανσόφου μουσουργοῦ, τοῦ μονογενοῦς τοῦ θεοῦ λόγου,
|Like this resemblance, also, there were among them young men and old men together, and slaves and free, [p. 41] and clever and simple, and noble and common, and believers together with hearers (catechumens), and deacons with presbyters: all of which were variously harmonized together by one all-skilful--the Word--the only (begotten) of God.||eodem modo in his
adolescentes simul et senes, servi simul et liberi, eruditi et rudes,
generis homines, ut multis videbatur, et gloria insignes, fideles simul
catechumenis, et diaconi simul cum presbyteris.
Qui omnes tanquam a sapientissimo musico, nempe Dei verbo unigenito, varie pulsati,
|καὶ τῆς ἐν αὐτοῖς ἕκαστοι δυνάμεως διὰ τῆς
τῶν βασάνων ὑπομονῆς ἐνδειξάμενοι τὴν ἀρετήν, τούς τε τῆς ὁμολογίας (60)
λαμπροτάτους καὶ ἐμμελεῖς ἁρμονίους τε καὶ συμφώνους ἐπὶ τῶν
δικαστηρίων φθόγγους ἀποδεδωκότες ὑφ’ ἓν καὶ ταὐτὸ τέλος, τὴν
εὐσεβεστάτην καὶ πάνσοφον διὰ τῆς τοῦ μαρτυρίου τελειώσεως τῷθεῷ τῶν ὅλων ἀπεπλήρωσαν μελῳδίαν.
|And they displayed each individually the excellency of the power within them by the endurance of tortures, and at the place of judgment produced the melody of a glorious confession.||et quge erat in ipsis potentiae unusquisque per tormentorum tolerantiam, hoc est confessionem, ostendentes virtutem, et clarissimos numerososque, et concinnos sonos edentes in judiiciis, uno et eodem fine in primis piam et longe sapientissimam, per Martyrii consummationem, Deo universorum impleverunt melodiam.|
ὑπερθαυμάζειν δὲ ἄξιον καὶ
τὸν ἀριθμὸν τῶν ἀνδρῶν προφητικόν τι χάρισμα καὶ ἀποστολικὸν
δώδεκα γὰρ εἶναι συνέβη τοὺς πάντας ὁπόσους πατριάρχας
καὶ προφήτας καὶ ἀποστόλους γενέσθαι παρειλήφαμεν.
|It is also
when we look
to their number,
how they were
twelve like the prophets
and the apostles.
|V. Opera pretium autem est
admirari virorum quoque numerum, qui significat
propheticam quamdam et apostolicam gratiam.
Contigit enim omnes esse duodecim, quo numero patriarchas et prophetas et apostolos fuisse accepimus.
The Syriac seems to have condensed here.
|[They were twelve in all; being counted worthy of apostolic grace and number].|
|i οὐ παρετέον
οὐδὲ τὰς κατὰ μέρος ἑκάστου πολυτλήτους ἀνδρείας, <τὰς> κατὰ τῶν
πλευρῶν ξέσεις καὶ τὰς διὰ τριχῶν αἰγείων ὑφῆς κατὰ τῶν ξεσθέντων
τοῦ σώματος μερῶν ἐκτρίψεις τάς τε ἀνηκέστους μάστιγας καὶ τὰς
πολυτρόπους καὶ ἐνηλλαγμένας βασάνους δεινάς τε καὶ δυσκαρτερήτους
στρεβλώσεις ἃς ἐπικελευομένου τοῦ δικαστοῦ χερσὶν καὶ ποσὶν ἐπιτεί-
νοντες οἱ δορυφόροι τῇ βίᾳ κατηνάγκαζον πρᾶξαί τι τῶν ἀπειρημένων
|Nor is it fit that we should omit the all-patient readiness of every one of them, each in his own part; the combs on their sides, and their incurable scourgings, and their tortures of every kind, and how they forced by violence these martyrs to do that which was abominated by them.||Non est autem prastermittenda uniuscujusque singulatim laboriosa fortitude, laterum lacerationes, et cum pilis caprinis laceratarum corporis partium attritiones, et flagella immedicabilia, multipliciaque et varia tormenta, gravesque et toleratu difficiles cruciatus, quos, jubente judice, manibus et pedibus infligentes satellites, vi cogebant martyres aliquid facere eorum quae prohibita.|
|k τί χρὴ λέγειν τὰς ἀειμνήστους τῶν θεσπεσίων
ἐν αἷς ἧττον πεφροντικότες τῶν πόνων λαμπρῷ καὶ φαιδρῷ τῷ
προσώπῳ τὰς τοῦ δικαστοῦ πεύσεις ἠμείβοντο, πρὸς αὐταῖς βασάνοις
γελῶντες ἀνδρικῶς ἤθει τε σπουδαίῳ κατειρωνευόμενοι
|And what necessity is there for our telling of the divine sayings which they uttered, as though stripes were reckoned by them as nothing, while with a cheerful and joyous countenance they answered the interrogatories of the judge, and jested with readiness under the very tortures themselves.||VI. Quid opus est dicere memorias perpetuo mandandas voces virorum divinorum, quibus labores m'hil curantes, laeto et alacri vultu respondebant judicis interrogationibus, in ipsis tornientis ridentes viriliter, et bonis moribus ludificantes ejus percontationes?|
αὐτοῦ τὰς ἐρωτήσεις; ἐρομένου γὰρ ὁπόθεν εἶεν, τὴν ἐπὶ γῆς πόλιν φράζειν
παρέντες, τὴν ὄντως ἑαυτῶν ἀνεδήλουν πατρίδα, ἀπὸ Ἱερουσαλὴμ
ἑαυτοὺς ἀναγορεύοντες· ἐνέφαινον δὲ ἄρα κατὰ τὸν αὐτῶν νοῦν τὴν (80)ἐπουράνιον τοῦ θεοῦ, ἐφ’ ἣν καὶ ἔσπευδον, πόλιν.
l καὶ ἄλλα δὲ τοιουτό-
τροπα, ἄγνωστα μὲν καὶ ἀσύνοπτα τοῖς τῶν ἱερῶν ἀγεύστοις, μόνοις
δὲ αὐτοῖς καὶ τοῖς ἐκ τῆς θείας πίστεως ὡρμημένοις ἀριδηλότατα
|And when he asked them over again whence they came, they avoided speaking of the city to which they belonged on earth, and spake of the city which in truth is theirs, and said that they were from Jerusalem which is above in heaven, confessing that they were hastening to go thither.||Cum enim rogasset undenam essent, mittentes dicere, quam in terris habebant civitatem, ostendebant earn, quae vere est eorum patria, dicentes se esse ex Hierusalem. Indicabant vero eadem sententia Dei quoque caelestern, ad quam tendebant, civitatem, et alia quas sunt ejusmodi, ignota quidem et quEe non possunt perspici ab iis, qui sacras literas non gustarunt, eis autem solis qui a fide divina sunt incitati, aperta adducebant.|
|ἐφ’ οἷς δὴ μάλιστα ὁ δικαστὴς ἀγανακτικῶς καὶ
ὀργίλως σφαδᾴζων καὶ τὸν λογισμὸν ἀπορούμενος, ποικίλας, ὡς ἂν
μὴ ἡττηθείη, τὰς κατ’ αὐτῶν ἐπενόει μηχανάς·
ἔπειτα πεσὼν τῆς
ἐλπίδος, τέλος ἑκάστῳ τὰ τῆς νίκης ἀποφέρεσθαι παρεχώρει βραβεῖα.
|And because of these things the judge became the more enraged at them, and prepared himself against them with cruel scourgings, in order that he might |39 accomplish his will upon them; but when he failed in his expectations, he gave command that one of them should receive the crown of victory.|| Propter quaa judex indignatus,
et valde animo cruciatus, et plane
quid ageret dubius, varia, ne vinceretur, in eos operabatur. Deinde cum
cecidisset, concessit unicuique auferre prasmia victoriae.
ποικίλος δ’ ἦν αὐτῶν καὶ ὁ τῆς τελευτῆς τρόπος, δυεῖν μὲν τῶν ἐν
αὐτοῖς κατηχουμένων τῷ διὰ πυρὸς βαπτίσματι τελειωθέντων, ἑτέρου
δὲ τῷ τοῦ σωτηρίου πάθους σχήματι παραδοθέντος, τῶν δὲ ἀμφὶ τὸ
ποθεινόν μοι ὄνομα διαλλάττουσι βραβείοις ἀναδησαμένων.
οὖν φαίη ἄν τις καθολικώτερον τούτων μεμνημένος·
|Moreover, the modes of their deaths also were of all kinds; for two of them were hearers (catechumens), and they were baptized at their deaths with the baptism of fire only, while others of them were delivered up to be crucified like our Saviour.||Erat autem varius
modus eorum mortis, cum duo quidem inter eos catechumeni, consummati
baptismo ignis, alius vero fuerit traditus figurae salutaris passionis,
autem erat mihi carus, fuerit diversis braviis redimitus.
VII. Atque haec quidem dixerit quispiam, horum magis faciens universam mentionem, singulatim autem unumquemque persequens, merito beatum pronuntiarit eum,qui in choro primum locum obtinet.
|Πάμφιλος οὗτος ἦν, ὁ θεοφιλὴς ὄντως
ἀνὴρ καὶ πάντων ὡς ἀληθῶς φίλος τε καὶ προσήγορος, ἐπαληθεύων τὴν
|But Pamphilus, that name so especially dear to me--one who was a lover of God in truth, and a peacemaker among all men-- [p. 42] received a triumph different from these.||Is autem erat Pamphilus, vir
et omnium, ut semel dicam, amicus et familiaris, re ipsa nomen sibi
impositum verura esse
||[Of these the leader and the only one honored with the position of presbyter at Caesarea, was Pamphilus; ]|
τῆς Καισαρέων ἐκκλησίας ὁ κόσμος,
ἐπεὶ καὶ τὴν τῶν
πρεσβυτέρων καθέδραν πρεσβύτερος ὢν ἐδόξαζε,κοσμούμενος τῇ ἐνταῦθα λειτουργίᾳ.
|He was the ornament of the church of Caesarea, because he also sat in the chair of the presbytery, both adorning it and being himself adorned thereby during his ministry in that place.||Cassariensium ecclesiaa
Nam presbyterorurn quoque cathedram, cum esset presbyter, honestabat, ut qui simul ornaret ministerium et ex eo ornaretur
|[the only one honored with the position of presbyter at Caesarea,]|
|κἀν τοῖς ἄλλοις δὲ θεῖος ἦν
ὄντως καὶ θείας μετέχων ἐμπνεύσεως, ἐπεὶ καὶ παρ’ ὅλον αὐτοῦ τὸν
βίον ἀρετῇ πάσῃ διαπρέψας ἔτυχε, μακρὰ μὲν χαίρειν εἰπὼν τρυφῇ
καὶ πλούτου περιουσίᾳ, ὅλον δὲ ἑαυτὸν ἀναθεὶς τῷ τοῦ θεοῦ λόγῳ.
|In all his conduct too he was truly godly, being at all times in communion with the Spirit of God; for he was eminently virtuous in his mode of life, shunning wealth and honours, despising and rejecting them, and devoting himself entirely to the word of God.||Quinetiam aliis quoque erat diviiius et divine particeps inspirationis, quoniam tota sua vita fuit raaxime insignis virtute, multum quidem jubens valere delicias et copiara divitiarum, cum se totum dedicasset Dei verbo, renuntians quidem iis qua?||[a man who through his entire life was celebrated for every virtue, ]|
ἀποδόμενος γέ τοι τὰ εἰς αὐτὸν ἐκ προγόνων ἥκοντα γυμνοῖς, πηροῖς (10)
καὶ πένησιν τὰ πάντα διένειμεν, αὐτὸς δὲ ἐν ἀκτήμονι διῆγε βίῳ, δι’ἀσκήσεως καρτερικωτάτης τὴν ἔνθεον μετιὼν φιλοσοφίαν.
|For every thing that he possessed from his parents he sold and distributed to the naked, and the sick, and the poor, and continued in private life without any possessions, and passed his time in the patient study of divine philosophy.||ad ipsum redibant a majoribus, nudis, mancis, et pauperibus omnia distribuit. Ipse autem degit in vita, quae nihil possidebat, per valentissimam exercitationem, divinam persequens philosophiam.||[for renouncing and despising the world, for sharing his possessions with the needy, for contempt of earthly hopes, and for philosophic deportment and exercise.]|
μὲν οὖν ἐκ τῆς Βηρυτίων πόλεως, ἔνθα τὴν πρώτην ἡλικίαν τοῖς
αὐτόθι τέθραπτο παιδευτηρίοις·
ἐπεὶ δὲ τὰ τῆς φρονήσεως εἰς τελείους
ἄνδρας αὐτῷ προῄει, μετέβαινεν ἀπὸ τῶνδε ἐπὶ τὴν τῶν ἱερῶν λόγων
|He therefore quitted Beyrout, the city in which he had grown up in stature and learning together; and for the sake of his knowledge and understanding he attached himself to men seeking perfection.||Atque ortus quidem erat ex Berytensium civitate, ubi in prima aetate educatus f'uerat in illis, quas illic erant, studiis litterariis. Postquam autem ejus providentia ad virilem pervenisset aetatem, transiit ab iis ad sacrarum litterarum scientiam.|
|ἀνελάμβανεν δὲ ἐνθέου καὶ προφητικοῦ βίου τρόπον||Human wisdom he abandoned, and loved the word of God.||Assumpsit vero mores divinee et
||μάλιστα δὲ παρὰ τοὺς καθ’ ἡμᾶς πάντας
τῇ περὶ τὰ θεῖα λόγια γνησιωτάτῃ σπουδῇ ἀτρύτῳ τε περὶ
ἃ προύθετο φιλοπονίᾳ καὶ τῇ περὶ τοὺς προσήκοντας καὶ
πάντας τοὺς αὐτῷ πλησιάζοντας ὠφελείᾳ·
|He especially excelled all in our time in most sincere devotion to the Divine Scriptures and indefatigable industry in whatever he undertook, and in his helpfulness to his relatives and associates.|
θεοῦ μάρτυρα ἀληθῆ αὐτὸς ἑαυτὸν καὶ πρὸ τῆς ὑστάτης τελευτῆς τοῦ βίου παρίστη.
|He also adopted the heavenly habit of the prophets, and was crowned with martyrdom.||et ipse se verum Dei martyrem exliibuit etiam ante ultimurn vitas finem.|
|(4.) ἀλλ’ ὁ μὲν Πάμφιλος τοιοῦτος ἦν·||Sed talis quidem erat Pampbilus.||
presumably this covers the material not found above in the shorter version.
|(3.) οὗ τὰ λοιπὰ
τῆς ἀρετῆς κατορθώματα, μακροτέρας ὄντα διηγήσεως, ἐπ’
ἰδίας τῆς τοῦ κατ’ αὐτὸν ὑποθέσεως βίου γραφῇ ἐν τρισὶν
ἤδη πρότερον ὑπομνήμασι παραδεδώκαμεν.
|In a separate treatise on his life, consisting of three books, we have already described the excellence of his virtue.|
|ἀλλὰ γὰρ ἐπ’ <>ἐκεῖνα τοὺς φιλοτίμως καὶ ταῦτα εἰδέναι ἔχοντας ἀναπέμψαντες, τὰ νῦν ἐχώμεθα τῆς κατὰ τοὺς μάρτυρας ἀκολουθίας.>||Referring to this work those who delight in such things and desire to know them, let us now consider the martyrs in order.|
|δεύτερος δὲ μετ’
αὐτὸν ἐπὶ τὸν ἀγῶνα παρῄει Οὐάλης,
γηραιᾷ καὶ ἱεροπρεπεῖ πολιᾷ
τετιμημένος αὐτῇ τε προσόψει σεμνὸς καὶ ἱερὸς πρεσβύτης,
|The next after him that was
brought to the conflict was
a man venerable for his comely grey hairs, being in appearance a pure and respectable old man.
|VIII. Secundus autem post ipsum
accessit Valens ad certamen, qui senili, et
qua? decet sacerdotem, erat ornatus canitie, ipsoque aspectu venerandus
(4.) δεύτερος μετὰ Πάμφιλον ἐπὶ τὸν ἀγῶνα παρῄει, ἱερο-
πρεπεῖ πολιᾷ τετιμημένος, Οὐάλης, τῶν ἀπὸ Αἰλίας διάκονος,
αὐτῇ προσόψει σεμνότατος πρεσβύτης,
|Second after Pamphilus,
who was honored for his venerable gray hair, entered the contest. He was a deacon from Aelia, an old man of gravest appearance,
ἀλλὰ καὶ τῶν θείων γραφῶν,
εἰ καί τις ἄλλος, εἰδήμων. τοσαύτας γέ
τοι μνήμας αὐτῶν ἐνεστερνίσατο, ὡς μηδὲν
ἀποδεῖν τῆς ἀπὸ γραμμάτων
τὰς διὰ μνήμης αὐτῷ σῳζομένας τῶν ἱερῶν μαθημάτων
|Nor was he worthy of honour on
this account only, but also for his
great knowledge of the holy scriptures;
for his memory was completely stored with the scriptures,
so that he could repeat God's scriptures by rote like one in whose memory the whole scriptures were deposited.
|qui etiam divinarum scripturarum sciens, ut si quis alius, eas quidem certe ita erat complexus memoria, ut a lectione nihil discreparent, quas memoriae mandatae ab eo conservabantur, sacrosanctorum discipulorum promissiones.||τῶν θείων γραφῶν
εἰ καί τις ἄλλος ἐπιστήμων·
τοσαύτας γέ τοι μνήμας αὐτῶν
ὡς μὴ ἐνδεῖν
τῆς ἀπὸ γραμμάτων ἐντεύξεως
τῆς ἧς ποτε λάβοι γραφῆς οἵας δ’ οὖν ἀπεμνημόνευσε διεξόδους.
|and versed in the Divine
Scriptures, if any one ever was.
He had so laid up the memory of them in his heart that he did not need to look at the books if he undertook to repeat any passage of Scripture.
|διάκονος δὲ ἦν, καίπερ ὢν τοιοῦτος, τῆς Αἰλιέων ἐκκλησίας.||Moreover, he was a deacon of God's church.||Erat autem diaconus, etsi esset hujusmodi, ecclesiae Eliensium.||Does Aelia mean Jerusalem here?
||[He was a deacon from Aelia,]|
|(5.) τρίτος ἐν τοῖσδε κατηριθμεῖτο Παῦλος,
θερμουργότατος καὶ τῷ
πνεύματι ζέων ἀνήρ·
ἀπὸ τῆς Ἰαμνιτῶν πόλεως ἐγνωρίζετο,
|And he that was reckoned third among them was named Paul,; a man who was fervent in the Spirit of God; and he came from |40 the city Iamna.||Tertius in eorum numerum relatus
erat Paulus, qui, vir acerrimus et spiritu
fervens, agnoscebatur ex civitate Iamnitarum:
||(5.) τρίτος ὁ θερμουργότατος καὶ τῷ πνεύματι ζέων
ἀπὸ τῆς Ἰαμνιτῶν πόλεως ἐν αὐτοῖς ἐγνωρίζετο Παῦλος,
|The third was Paul from the city of Jamna, who was known among them as most zealous and fervent in spirit.|
καὶ πρὸ τοῦ μαρτυρίου διὰ καυτήρων ὑπομονῆς τὸν τῆς ὁμολογίας
|And he also had previously to this his confession contended with the suffering [p. 43] of the cautery of confession.||qui etiam in martyrio per cauterii tolerantiam susceperat certamen confessionis.||
πρὸ τοῦ μαρτυρίου διὰ καυτήρων ὑπομονῆς τὸν τῆς ὁμολογίας
|Previous to his martyrdom, he had endured the conflict of confession by cauterization.|
|(6.) τούτοις ἐπὶ τῆς εἱρκτῆς δυεῖν ἐτῶν χρόνον
ὑπόθεσις τοῦ μαρτυρίου ἐγένετο Αἰγυπτίων ἄφιξις τῶν καὶ σὺν αὐτοῖς
|And when they had endured
affliction in prison for about two years,
the immediate cause of their martyrdom was the arrival of those Egyptians who were also consummated in martyrdom at the same time together with them.
|IX. His in careers duobus annis contritis, martyrii occasio fuit Aegyptiorum adventus, qui etiam cum eis fuere consummati.||τούτοις ἐπὶ τῆς εἱρκτῆς ἐτῶν δυεῖν ὅλων
χρόνον κατατρίψασιν ὑπόθεσις τοῦ μαρτυρίου γίνεται
Αἰγυπτίων αὖθις ἀδελφῶν ἔφοδος τῶν καὶ σὺν αὐτοῖς
|After these persons had continued in prison for two entire years, the occasion of their martyrdom was a second arrival of Egyptian brethren who suffered with them.|
|τοὺς κατὰ Κιλικίαν οὗτοι καταπονουμένους ἐν
μέχρι τῶν τόπων καταστήσαντες, ἐπὶ τὴν οἰκείαν ἐπαλινόστουν.
>καὶ δὴ πρὸς ταῖς εἰσόδοις τῶν κατὰ Καισάρειαν πυλῶν, τίνες (5)
τε εἶεν καὶ πόθεν ἀφικόμενοι, πρὸς τῶν φυλάκων ἐρωτηθέντες καὶ
μηδὲν τἀληθοῦς ἀποκρύψαντες, Χριστιανοὺς δὲ φάντες ἑαυτούς,
κακούργων τρόπῳ ἐπ’ αὐτοφώρῳ ληφθέντων συνελαμβάνοντο·
accompanied those men who had been sent to suffer affliction in the
Cilicia, and being then on their way back to return to their own
as they entered in at the gate of Caesarea, they were questioned as to who they were and whence they came;
and when they made no concealment of the truth, but said, We are Christians, they were at once seized, just as if they had been malefactors.
|Ii autem cum vel sic valde afflicti, in metallis usque ad loca pervenissent, domum revertebantur. Qui, cum in ingressu portae Caesariensium interrogati essent a custodibus, quinam essent et unde venirent, et nihil veri celassent, dixissent antem se esse Christianos; perinde ac malefici in ipso furto deprehensi, vincti sunt et comprehensi:||(6.) τοὺς κατὰ Κιλικίαν οὗτοι μέχρι τῶν
αὐτόθι μετάλλων ὁμολογητὰς προπέμψαντες, ἐπαλινόστουν
ἐπὶ τὰ οἰκεῖα. ὁμοίως δῆτα καὶ αὐτοὶ πρὸς αὐταῖς εἰσόδοις τῶν κατὰ Καισάρειαν πυλῶν, τίνες τε εἶεν καὶ ὁπόθεν
ἀφικνούμενοι, πρὸς τῶν φυλάκων (βάρβαροι δέ τινες ὑπῆρχον
οὗτοι τὸν τρόπον) ἀνερωτηθέντες καὶ μηδὲν τῆς ἀληθείας
ἀποκρυψάμενοι, οἷα κακοῦργοι ἐπ’ αὐτοφώρῳ ληφθέντες,
|They had accompanied the
confessors in Cilicia to the mines
there and were returning to their homes.
At the entrance of the gates of Caesarea, the guards, who were men of barbarous character, questioned them as to who they were and whence they came.
They kept back nothing of the truth, and were seized as malefactors taken in the very act.
|πέντε δὲ ἦσαν τὸν ἀριθμόν·||And they were in number five.||erant vero quinque numero.||πέντε δ’ ἦσαν οὗτοι τὸν ἀριθμόν·||They were five in number.|
|(7.) οἳ δὴ προσαχθέντες τῷ ἄρχοντι κἀπὶ
τούτου παρρησιασάμενοι, δεσμοῖς μὲν αὐτίκα παραδίδονται, τῇ δὲ
ὑστεραίᾳ, Περιτίου μηνὸς ἑξκαιδεκάτῃ, κατὰ Ῥωμαίους δὲ τῇ πρὸ
δεκατεσσάρων Καλανδῶν Μαρτίων, αὐτοὺς δὴ τούτους σὺν τοῖς ἀμφὶ
τὸν Πάμφιλον τῷ Φιρμιλιανῷ προσάγουσιν.
|So when they were carried before
judge, and spake in his presence with openness of speech, they were
committed to prison;
and on the next day--the sixteenth of the month Shebat--
together with those who appertained to Pamphilus,
were brought before Firmillianus.
|Ad Praesidem autem adducti, et coram eo libere locuti, in vincula quidem statim conjiciuntur: die autem sequente, qui erat sextus decimus mensis Peritii, more vero Romano quartus decimus Calend. Martii, hos ipsos cum Pamphilo et sociis adducunt ad Firmillianun.||(7.) οἳ καὶ
προσαχθέντες τῷ τυράννῳ κἀπὶ τούτου παρρησιασάμενοι,
αὐτίκα μὲν καθείργνυνται δεσμωτηρίῳ· τῇ δ’ ἑξῆς, Περιτίου
μηνὸς ἡμέρᾳ ἑκκαιδεκάτῃ (Μαρτίου κατὰ Ῥωμαίους ἡ πρὸ
δεκατεσσάρων Καλανδῶν), ἐκ προστάγματος τούτους δὴ
αὐτοὺς ἅμα τοῖς ἀμφὶ τὸν Πάμφιλον δεδηλωμένοις τῷδικαστῇ προσάγουσιν·
|When brought before the
tyrant, being very bold in his presence, they were immediately thrown
On the next day, which was the nineteenth of the month Peritius, according to the Roman reckoning the fourteenth before the Kalends of March,
they were brought, according to command, before the judge,
with Pamphilus and his associates whom we have mentioned.
|(8.) ὃ δὲ τῶν Αἰγυπτίων
ἀπεπειρᾶτο μόνων πρῶτον, βασάνων εἴδεσιν παντοίοις διαγυμνάζων
τοὺς ἄνδρας. τὸν μὲν οὖν προήγορον αὐτῶν εἰς μέσον ἀγαγών, τίς εἴη
καὶ πόθεν, ἠρώτα, εἶτ’ ἀντὶ τοῦ κυρίου ὀνόματος προφητικόν τι
|First of all, then, the governor
tried the Egyptians, and
proved them by every kind of torture;
and he brought forward the first of them into the midst, and asked him what was his name; but instead of his real name he heard from them the name of a prophet.
Aegyptiorum solum periculum fecit ante tormenta, ornni ratione eos
Atque eorum quidem principem, quum adduxisset in medium, rogavit
Qui cum pro proprio nomine quoddam propheticum audisset
|(8.) ὃς καὶ πρῶτον τῆς τῶν Αἰγυπτίων
ἀκαταμαχήτου ἐνστάσεως παντοίοις βασάνων εἴδεσιν μηχα-
νῶν τε ξένων καὶ ποικίλων ἐπινοίαις πεῖραν λαμβάνει. τὸν
μὲν προήγορον ἁπάντων τούτοις ἐγγυμνάσας τοῖς ἄθλοις, τίς<>εἴη, πρῶτον ἠρώτα, εἶτ’ ἀντὶ τοῦ κυρίου ὀνόματος προφητικόν τι ἐπακούσας—>
|First, by all kinds of torture,
through the invention of strange and
various machines, he tested the invincible constancy of the
Having practised these cruelties upon the leader of all, he asked him first who he was. He heard in reply the name of some prophet instead of his proper name.
|τοῦτο δὲ καὶ πρὸς τῶν λοιπῶν ἐγίνετο, ἀντὶ
αὐτοῖς ἐπιπεφημισμένων εἰδωλικῶν ὀνομάτων προφητικὰς ἑαυτοῖς
ἐπιθέντων ἐπωνυμίας. Ἠλίαν γοῦν καὶ Ἱερεμίαν Ἠσαίαν τε καὶ
Σαμουὴλ καὶ Δανιὴλ ἤκουσας ἂν αὐτῶν ἑαυτοὺς ὀνομαζόντων καὶ τὸν
ἐν κρυπτῷ Ἰουδαῖον καὶ γνήσιον Ἰσραηλίτην αὐτοῖς ἔργοις οὐ μόνον,ἀλλὰ καὶ φωναῖς κυρίως ἐκφερομέναις ἐνδεικνυμένων—
|Also the rest of the Egyptians who were with him, instead of those names which their fathers had given them after the name of some idol, had taken for themselves the names of the prophets, such as these-- Elias, Jeremiah, Isaiah, Samuel, Daniel.||(hoc autem fiebat ante alia, ut qui pro patriis eis impositis idolicis nominibus sibi prophetica nomina impossuissent, ut qui Eliam, et Hieremiam, Esaiam, Samuelem et Danielem ipsi seipsos nomlnarent, et qui est in occulto, Judaeum et germanum Israelitem, non solum factis, sed etiam vocibus proprie enunciatis judicarent).||τοῦτο δὲ καὶ πρὸς ἁπάντων ἐγίνετο,
ἀντὶ τῶν πατρόθεν αὐτοῖς ἐπιπεφημισμένων εἰδωλικῶν
ὄντων, εἰ τύχοι, μετατεθεικότων ἑαυτοῖς τὰς προσηγορίας.<>Ἠλίαν γοῦν καὶ Ἱερεμίαν Ἡσαΐαν τε καὶ Σαμουὴλ καὶ Δανιὴλ ἤκουες ἂν αὐτῶν ἐπιγραφομένων >καὶ τὸν ἐν κρυπτῷ
Ἰουδαῖον γνήσιόν τε καὶ εἰλικρινῶς Ἰσραὴλ τοῦ θεοῦ οὐ<>μόνον ἔργοις, ἀλλὰ φωναῖς κυρίως ἐκφερομέναις ἐπιδεικνυμένων—>
|For it was their custom, in
of the names of idols given them by their fathers,
if they had such, to take other names;
so that you would hear them calling themselves
Elijah or Jeremiah or Isaiah or Samuel or Daniel,
thus showing themselves inwardly true Jews,
and the genuine Israel of God, not only in deeds, but in the names which they bore.
|τοιοῦτον οὖν (10)
τι πρὸς τοῦ μάρτυρος ἐπακούσας ὁ δικαστὴς ὄνομα, οὐ μὴν τῇ τοῦ
ῥήματος ἐπιστήσας δυνάμει, δεύτερον ἥτις αὐτοῦ πατρὶς εἴη, ἠρώτα·
|And when the judge heard from the same martyrs some such name as these, he did not perceive the force of what they said, and asked them again what was the city to which they belonged.||X. Cum tale ergo Judex audivisset a martyre, rim autem nominis non attendisset, secundo rogavit, qugenam esset ejus patria?||τοιοῦτον οὖν τι πρὸς τοῦ μάρτυρος ὄνομα
οὐ μὴν ἐπιστήσας τῇ τοῦ ῥήματος δυνάμει,
δεύτερον ἥτις αὐτοῦ πατρὶς γένοιτο, ἠρώτα·
|When Firmilianus had
heard some such name from the martyr,
and did not understand the force of the word,
he asked next
of his country.
|(9.) ὃ δὲ συνῳδὸν τῇ προτέρᾳ δευτέραν ἀφίησι
εἶναι λέγων τὴν ἑαυτοῦ πατρίδα, ἐκείνην δῆτα νοῶν περὶ ἧς εἴρηται
τῷ Παύλῳ ἡ δὲ ἄνω Ἱερουσαλὴμ ἐλευθέρα ἐστίν, ἥτις
ἐστὶ μήτηρ ἡμῶν καὶ προσεληλύθατε Σιὼν ὄρει καὶ πόλει
θεοῦ ζῶντος, Ἱερουσαλὴμ ἐπουρανίῳ.
then gave a reply similar to the former, and said,
Jerusalem is my city; for he was acquainted with that city of which St. Paul spake, Jerusalem which is above is free, and our mother in whom we confess is the holy church.
| Ille vero
Hierusalem dixit esse suam patriam,
illam intelligens de qua dictum est Paulo. 'Quae sursum est Jerusalem est libera, quae est mater nostra.' Et 'accessistis ad montem Sion et civitatem Dei viventis, Hierusalem caelestem.'
note that the unannounced quotations are summarized in the Syriac longer version
|(9.) ὃ δὲ
συνῳδὸν τῇ προτέρᾳ δευτέραν ἀφίησιν φωνήν, Ἱερουσαλὴμ
εἶναι λέγων τὴν ἑαυτοῦ πατρίδα, ἐκείνην δῆτα νοῶν περὶ ἧς
εἴρηται τῷ Παύλῳ
ἡ δὲ ἄνω Ἱερουσαλὴμ ἐλευθέρα
ἥτις ἐστὶν μήτηρ ἡμῶν καὶ προσεληλύθατε
καὶ πόλει θεοῦ ζῶντος, Ἱερουσαλὴμ
|But he gave a second answer similar to the former, saying that Jerusalem was his country, meaning that of which Paul says, "Jerusalem which is above is free, which is our mother," and, "Ye are come unto Mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem."|
|(10.) καὶ ὃ μὲν ταύτην
ἐνόει· ὃ δὲ ἐπὶ χθόνα καὶ χαμαὶ ῥίψας τὴν διάνοιαν, τίς εἴη αὕτη καὶ
ἐπὶ γῆς ποῖ κειμένη,
|And the governor inquired diligently about this.||Et hic quidem hanc cogitabat:
ille autem humi suam abjiciens cogitationem, quaenam haec esset, et ubi terrarum sita esset,
|(10.) καὶ ὃ μὲν ταύτην ἐνόει·
ὃ δ’ ἐπὶ χθόνα
καὶ χαμαὶ ῥίψας τὴν διάνοιαν, ἥτις εἴη αὕτη καὶ ποῖ γῆς
|This was what he meant; but the judge thinking only of the earth, sought diligently to discover what that city was, and in what part of the world it was situated.|
|ἀκριβῶς ἐπολυπραγμόνει καὶ δῆτα καὶ βασάνους
ἐπῆγεν, ὡς ἂν τἀληθὲς ὁμολογοίη.
|Then he brought against them the combs and cauteries of fire.||accurate perscrutabatur, atque adeo ei etiam inferabat tormenta, ut verum fateretur.||ἀκριβῶς ἐπολυπραγμόνει,
εἶτα καὶ βασάνους
ἐπῆγεν, ὡς ἂν τἀληθὲς ὁμολογοίη.
|And therefore he applied tortures that the truth might be acknowledged.|
| ὃ δὲ στρεβλούμενος κατόπιν τὼ
χεῖρε καὶ τοῖν ποδοῖν μαγγάνοις τισὶν διακλώμενος, εἰρηκέναι τἀληθὲς
|But he, when his hands had been bound |41 behind him, and his feet were twisted in the stocks, sealed what he had said before, [p. 44.] and spake the truth.||Hie vero dum torqueretur,
se verum dixisse affirmabat.
||ὃ δὲ στρεβλούμενος
κατόπιν τὼ χεῖρε καὶ τοῖν ποδοῖν μαγγάνοις τισὶ ξένοις
διακλώμενος, τἀληθὲς εἰπεῖν ἀπισχυρίζετο.
|But the man, with his hands twisted behind his back, and his feet crushed by strange machines, asserted firmly that he had spoken the truth.|
|(11.) εἶτα ταυτὰ πάλιν καὶ πολλάκις πυνθανομένου
εἴη καὶ ποῖ κειμένη ἡ λεχθεῖσα πόλις Ἱερουσαλὴμ, μόνων αὐτὴν εἶναι
τῶν Χριστιανῶν ἔλεγε πατρίδα· μὴ γὰρ καὶ ἑτέροις ἢ τούτοις μόνοις
αὐτῆς μετεῖναι· κεῖσθαι δὲ πρὸς ἀνατολαῖς καὶ πρὸς αὐτῷ φωτὶ καὶ
(12.) ὃ μὲν καὶ πάλιν διὰ τούτων κατὰ τὸν οἰκεῖον νοῦν ἐφιλοσό-
φει, τῶν ἐν κύκλῳ βασάνοις αὐτὸν αἰκιζομένων οὐδὲν ἐπιστρεφόμενος,
|And again, when he questioned
times as to what city and in what country was that Jerusalem which was
belong to the Christians only, he replied, It is in the east, and on
the side of
the light of the sun,
again making use of this artifice as it were in his own mind, while those who surrounded him continued to torture him with combs.
|Deinde eo haec rursus et saepe
esset, et ubi sita esset dicta civitas Hierusalem?
solum dicebat earn esse patriam Christianorum; nullos enim alios praeter eos esse ejus participes, sitam autem esse ad orientem et ad ipsam lucem et solem.
Atque hie quidem rursus per haec mente sua philosophabatur, nihil sentiens eos, qui circumcirca ipsum tormentis afficiebant.
|(11.) εἶτα πάλιν
πολλάκις ἐρομένου τίς εἴη καὶ ποῖ κειμένη ἣν δὴ φράζει
πόλιν, μόνων εἶναι τῶν θεοσεβῶν ταύτην ἔλεγεν πατρίδα·
μὴ γὰρ ἑτέροις ἢ τούτοις μόνοις αὐτῆς μετεῖναι, κεῖσθαι δὲ
πρὸς αὐταῖς ἀνατολαῖς καὶ πρὸς ἀνίσχοντι ἡλίῳ.
(12.) ὃ μὲν
πάλιν διὰ τούτων κατὰ τὸν ἴδιον νοῦν ἐφιλοσόφει, μηδαμῶς
τῶν ἐν κύκλῳ βασάνοις αὐτὸν αἰκιζομένων ἐπιστροφὴν
|And being questioned again
repeatedly what and where the city was of which he spoke, he said
that it was the country of the pious alone, for no others should have
a place in it, and that it lay toward the far East and the rising
He philosophized about these things according to his own understanding, and was in nowise turned from them by the tortures with which he was afflicted on every side.
|ὥσπερ δέ τις ἄσαρκος καὶ ἀσώματος οὐδὲ ἐπαισθάνεσθαι ἐδόκει τῶν ἀλγηδόνων·||Nor was he at all changed, but seemed as one who had no body.||Tanquam autem carnis expers et incorporeus, nihil videbatur pati molestum.||ἄσαρκος δ’ ὥσπερ καὶ ἀσώματος οὐδ’ ἐπαΐειν
δοκῶν τῶν ἀλγηδόνων·
|And as if he were without flesh or body he seemed insensible of his sufferings.|
|ὁ δὲ δικαστὴς ἀπορούμενος ἐσφάδαζεν, ἐχθρὰν
Ῥωμαίοις πολεμίαν τάχα που συστήσασθαι ἑαυτοῖς πόλιν Χριστιανοὺς
(13.) πολύς τε ἦν ἐπικείμενος ταῖς βασάνοις καὶ ἀνερευνῶν
τὴν δηλωθεῖσαν πόλιν τήν τε κατὰ ἀνατολὰς ἐξετάζων χώραν.
|Then the judge grew
furious in his mind, and imagined that perchance the Christians had
some place a city for themselves;
and so he became much more instant with tortures against them, making inquiries respecting this city, and the country in the east.
|Judex vero animi dubius, odio cruciabatur, et existimans Christianos hanc sibi civitatem, quae esset infesta Romanis, constituisse, valde urgebat tormentis, et curiose scrutabatur earn, quge dicta fuerat, civitatem, et quae est in Oriente, inquirebat regionem.||ὃ δ’ ἀπορούμενος ἐσφάδαζεν,
ἐχθρὰν καὶ Ῥωμαίοις πολεμίαν πάντως που συστήσασθαι
πόλιν Χριστιανοὺς οἰόμενος,
πολύς τε ἦν ταύτην ἀνερευνῶν
καὶ τὴν δηλωθεῖσαν χώραν κατ’ ἀνατολὰς ἐξετάζων.
|But the judge
being perplexed, was impatient, thinking that the Christians were
about to establish a city somewhere, inimical and hostile to the
And he inquired much about this, and investigated where that country toward the East was located.
| ὡς δὲ
καὶ ἐπὶ πλεῖον μάστιξι τὸν νεανίαν καταξήνας ἀπαράλλακτον τῶν
πρότερον αὐτῷ ῥηθέντων ἑώρα,
τὴν ἐπὶ θανάτῳ
κατ’ αὐτοῦ κεφαλικὴν
καὶ τὰ μὲν κατὰ τοῦτον τοιαύτην εἴληφε δραματουργίαν·
|When, therefore, he had punished this young man with scourging, and perceived that he varied not at all from what he had said to him at the first, he gave sentence of death against him that he should be beheaded.||Cum autem adolescentem, diu caesum flagellis, videret non posse dimoveri ab iis, quae prius dixerat, statuit in eum ferre sententiam capitis.||(13.) ὡς
δ’ ἐπὶ πλεῖον μάστιξι τὸν νεανίαν καταξήνας παντοίαις τε
τιμωρησάμενος βασάνοις ἀπαράλλακτον τὴν ἔνστασιν τῶν
πρότερον αὐτῷ ῥηθέντων ἐγίνωσκεν, τὴν ἐπὶ θανάτῳ κατ’<>αὐτοῦ κεφαλικὴν ἐκφέρει ψῆφον. τοσαύτην μὲν οὖν τὰ κατὰ τοῦτον δραματουργίαν εἰλήχει· >
|But when he had for a long time lacerated the young man with scourgings, and punished him with all sorts of torments, he perceived that his persistence in what he had said could not be changed, and passed against him sentence of death. Such a scene was exhibited by what was done to this man.|
|καὶ τοὺς λοιποὺς δὲ τῶν Αἰγυπτίων τοῖς
νάσας παλαίσμασι, τὸν ὅμοιον ἀπαλλάττει τρόπον.
|The rest then of the Egyptians he tried with tortures similar to his, and they likewise agreed in their confession with him who had preceded them.||XI. Et in eum quidem res hoc modo processit: reliquos autem Aegyptios cum simili palaestra exercicuisset, similem quoque in eos fert sententiam||καὶ τοὺς λοιποὺς δὲ τοῖς
παραπλησίοις ἄθλοις ἐγγυμνάσας τὸν ὅμοιον ἀπαλλάττει
|And having inflicted similar tortures on the others, he sent them away in the same manner.|
|(14.) εἶτα ἐκ τούτων
ἐπὶ τοὺς ἀμφὶ τὸν Πάμφιλον μεταβάς, ἀνεδιδάσκετο ὡς ἄρα πρότερον
ἤδη πλείστων εἶεν βασάνων πεπειραμένοι· ἄτοπον δὲ εἶναι λογισάμενος
ταῖς αὐταῖς αἰκίαις περιβάλλειν τοὺς ἄνδρας καὶ μάταια μοχθεῖν,
|And then, after these things he turned to those of the house of Pamphilus; and when he learned that they had been previously tried by many tortures, he thought that it would be folly in him to apply to them the same tortures again, and so labour in vain.||Deinde
cum ab his transisset ad Pamphilum, accepit quod ii jam prius essent
Absurdum autem esse arbitratus, eosdem iisdem rursus afficere tormentis, et frustra laborare,
|(14.) εἶτ’ ἀποκαμὼν διαγνούς τε εἰς μάτην τιμωρεῖσθαι
τοὺς ἄνδρας, ἐπιθυμίας κόρον λαβών, ἐπὶ τοὺς ἀμφὶ
τὸν Πάμφιλον μέτεισιν, ἀναδιδαχθείς τε ὡς ἤδη καὶ πρότερον
διὰ βασάνων ἀμετάθετον ἐνεδείξαντο τὴν ὑπὲρ τῆς πίστεως
|Then being wearied and perceiving that he punished the men in vain, having satiated his desire, he proceeded against Pamphilus and his companions. And having learned that already under former tortures they had manifested an unchangeable zeal for the faith, he asked them if they would now obey.|
|τοσοῦτον μόνον εἰ κἂν νῦν πειθαρχοῖεν,
παρ’ ἑκάστου τὴν ὑστάτην τῆς μαρτυρίας φωνήν, παραπλησίως κεφα-
λικὴν τιμωρίαν κατ’ αὐτῶν ἐξενεγκάμενος ἐπάγει.
|He therefore only put to them
the question whether they
would now comply;
and when he heard from them one after another the words of confession, he condemned them in the same manner as those who had preceded them, and gave sentence against them that they should be beheaded.
|hoc solum est percontatus, an
Cum vero ab unoquoque eorum andiisset ultimam vocem martyrii, in eos similiter fert sententiam capitis.
|ἀνερωτήσας εἰ ἄρα εἰς ἔτι κἂν νῦν πειθαρχοῖεν,
δεξάμενός τε αὐτὸ μόνον παρ’ ἑνὸς ἑκάστου τὴν τελευταίαν
αὐτῶν τῆς κατὰ τὸ μαρτύριον ὁμολογίας φωνήν, τὴν αὐτὴν
τοῖς προτέροις ἐπάγει τιμωρίαν.
And receiving from every one of them only this one answer, as their last word of confession in martyrdom, he inflicted on them punishment similar to the others.
|(15.) οὔπω δὲ
αὐτῷ πᾶν εἴρητο τὸ ἔπος, καί ποθεν ἀναβοᾷ μειράκιόν τι τῆς οἰκετικῆς
τοῦ Παμφίλου θεραπείας ἐκ μέσου τοῦ πλήθους τῶν ἀμφὶ τὸ δικα-
στήριον κυκλούντων παρελθὸν εἰς μέσον·
ἐβόα δὲ μεγάλῃ τῇ φωνῇ
ταφῇ τὰ σώματα ἐξαιτούμενον.
|And before the whole of the sentence was uttered, a youth from among the men, who was a slave of Pamphilus, cried out from the midst of the crowd which was standing round about the place of judgment; and then came forward into the midst, and cried out again with a loud voice to persuade the governor to grant permission for the bodies of the confessors to be buried.||XII. Nondum autem dictum
universum absolverat, et alicunde exclamat quidam
adolescens ex familia Pamphili, et ex media turba accedens in medium
alta voce corpora eorum petiit sepulturae.
note how the end of this section is repeated below after the omitted sections.
|(15.) τούτων ἐπὶ πέρας
ἀχθέντων, μειράκιον τῆς οἰκετικῆς ὑπάρχον τοῦ Παμφίλου
θεραπείας, οἷα γνησίᾳ ἀνατροφῇ καὶ παιδείᾳ τοῦ τηλικούτου
ὡς ἔγνω τὴν κατὰ τοῦ δεσπότου
ἀπὸ μέσης τῆς πληθύος ἀναβοᾷ,
γῇ τὰ σώματα παραδοθῆναι ἀξιῶν.
|When this had been done, a young man, one of the household servants of Pamphilus, who had been educated in the noble life and instruction of such a man, learning the sentence passed upon his master, cried out from the midst of the crowd asking that their bodies might be buried.|
|Πορφύριος ἦν ὁ μακάριος, θρέμμα (5)
|And he was no other than the blessed Porphyrius, the beloved disciple of Pamphilus, the mighty man of valour, [p. 45.]||Is autem
erat beatus Porphyrius, Pamphili germanum pecus,
|οὐδ’ ὅλων ὀκτωκαίδεκα ἐτῶν, καλλιγραφικῆς
σωφροσύνης δὲ ἕνεκα καὶ τρόπων πάντα καλύπτων
ὡς οἷα ὑπὸ τηλικῷδε ἀνδρὶ συνησκημένος.
|But Porphyrius himself was not yet eighteen years old; and he had been |42 instructed in literature and writing, and for his modesty and manners was deserving of all praise.||nondum totos octodecim annos
natus, recte scribendi scientiae peritus, modestia vero morum has
ut qui a tali viro fuisset institutus.
|ὡς ἔγνω τὴν κατὰ
τοῦ δεσπότου ψῆφον, ἀπὸ μέσης τῆς πληθύος ἀνέκραγε, γῇ τὰ σώματα
|This youth then, who had been brought up by such a man, when he was informed of the sentence which had been issued against his master, cried out from the middle of the crowd, and begged the bodies of the confessors.||Is, postquam adversus dominum latam cognovit sententiam, exclamavit ex media multitudine, Corpora rogo, ut humi mandentur.||
see above, for this repetition.
(16.) ὃ δὲ οὐκ ἄνθρωπος, ἀλλὰ θὴρ καὶ θηρίου
παντὸς ἀγριώτερος, μήτε τῆς αἰτήσεως τὸ εὔλογον ἀποδεξάμενος μήτετῷ τῆς ἡλικίας ἀπονείμας νέῳ συγγνώμην, αὐτὸ μόνον ὡς ὁμολο-
γοῦντα Χριστιανὸν ἔμαθε, παντὶ σθένει τοῖς βασανισταῖς κατ’ αὐτοῦχρῆσθαι προστάττει.
(17.) ὡς δὲ ἐπικελευομένου θύειν ἀνένευεν ὁ
θαυμάσιος, οὐκέθ’ οἷα σάρκας ἀνθρώπου, ἀλλ’ οἷα λίθους ἢ ξύλα ἤ τι
τῶν ἀψύχων ἕτερον ἄχρις ὀστέων αὐτῶν καὶ τῶν κατὰ βάθους σπλάγ-
χνων αἰκίζειν αὐτὸν καὶ πᾶν τὸ σῶμα καταξαίνειν ἐπικελεύεται.
|Then that wretch, who is not worthy to be called a man, but rather a savage brute, not only refused to grant this becoming request, but also neither spared nor had pity upon one who in years was but a youth; and having learnt this one thing only, that he was a Christian, gave orders to those who applied the tortures to tear him with all their might: and after this, having commanded the blessed youth to sacrifice, and experiencing a refusal, he now applied the torture upon him, not as if it were upon a human body, but rather as if it were upon lifeless wood or stone, and commanded him to be torn even till they came to his bones and entrails.||Ille autem non homo, sed fera, et quavis fera agrestior, neque honestam et rationi consentaneam admittens petitionem, neque juvenili astati dans veniam, cum hoc solum intellexisset, eum fateri se esse Christianum, jubet tortoribus ut totis viribus in eum uterentur. Cum vero, eo jubente, sacrificare recusasset vir admirandus, non utique tanquam carnem hominis, sed tanquam lapides et lignum, aut aliquid aliud inanimum usque ad ipsa ossa et ima viscera jubet eum torquere et corpus ejus caedere.||(16.) ὁ δ’ οὐκ ἄνθρωπος,
ἀλλὰ θὴρ καὶ
εἴ τι θηρὸς ἀγριώτερον, μήτε <τῆς αἰτήσεως τὸ εὔλογον<>ἀποδεξάμενος μήτε> τῷ τῆς ἡλικίας ἀπονείμας νέῳ συγγνώμην,
αὐτὸ μόνον ὡς ἐρωτήσας ὁμολογοῦντα Χριστιανὸν>
ὥσπερ ὑπό τινος τρωθεὶς βέλους, οἰδήσας τὸν
θυμόν, ὅλῃ δυνάμει τοῖς βασανισταῖς χρῆσθαι κατ’ αὐτοῦ
(17.) ὡς δ’ ἐπικελευομένου θύειν ἀνανεύοντα
ἑώρα, οὐκέθ’ ὡς σάρκας ἀνθρώπου, ἀλλ’ ἢ λίθους ἢ ξύλα
ἤ τι τῶν ἄλλων ἀψύχων ἄχρις αὐτῶν ὀστέων καὶ τῶν ἐν
βάθει καὶ ἐν μυχοῖς σπλάγχνων παραμόνως καταξαίνεσθαι
|Thereupon the judge, not a man,
but a wild beast, or if
anything more savage than a wild beast, giving no consideration to
the young man's age, asked him only the same question
When he learned that he confessed himself a Christian, as if he had been wounded by a dart, swelling with rage, he ordered the tormentors to use their utmost power against him..
And when he saw that he refused to sacrifice as commanded, he ordered them to scrape him continually to his very bones and to the inmost recesses of his bowels, not as if he were human flesh but as if he were stones or wood or any lifeless thing.
μακρὸν δὲ τούτου γινομένου, μάτην ἐγχειρεῖν διέγνω, ἀφώνου μικροῦ
δεῖν καὶ ἀψύχου τοῦ σώματος τῷ γενναίῳ μάρτυρι καταστάντος·
(18.) παράμονον δὲ τὸ ἀνηλεὲς καὶ ἀπάνθρωπον κεκτημένος ὁ δικαστὴς
τριχῶν πεπλεγμένοις ὑφάσμασιν τὰς ἐκδαρείσας ταῖς βασάνοις πλευρὰς
ψήχειν καὶ τρίβειν ἐπὶ πλέον προστάττει, εἶθ’ ὥσπερ κόρον λαβὼν καὶ
τῆς μανίας ἐμφορηθεὶς μακρῷ καὶ μαλθακῷ πυρὶ παραβληθῆναι
|And when he had done this for a
long while, he perceived
that he was labouring to no purpose;
and thus having exhibited his own cruelty and brutality upon this youth,
he condemned him to be given up to a slow and lingering fire.
|Cum autem hoc diu fieret,
hoc frustra aggredi, cum propemodum mutum et inanimum effectum esset
Perseverans vero Judex in sasvitia et inhumanitate, iubet latera tormentis exagitata, pilorum textis amplius atteri. Deinde cum sic eum cepisset satietas et furore esset exsatiatus, pronunciat sententiam ut tradatur lento et molli igni.
|εἰς μακρὸν δὲ τούτου γινομένου, μάτην
διέγνω, ἀφώνου καὶ ἀνεπαισθήτου, μικροῦ δὲ δεῖν καὶ πάντῃ ἀψύχου τοῦ σώματος αὐτῷ ταῖς βασάνοις κατατριβομένου·(18.) παράμονον δὲ τὸ ἀνηλεὲς καὶ ἀπάνθρωπον κεκτημένος,
εὐθὺς ὡς εἶχεν μακρῷ πυρὶ παραδοθῆναι αὐτὸν ἀποφαίνεται.
|But after long persistence he
saw that this was in vain, as
the man was speechless and insensible and almost lifeless, his body
being worn out by the tortures.
But being inflexibly merciless and inhuman, he ordered him to be committed straightway, as he was, to a slow fire.
|οὗτος μὲν οὖν πρὸ τῆς τοῦ Παμφίλου τελειώσεως, (5)
ὕστατος ἐπὶ τὸν ἀγῶνα παρελθών, τῇ ἀπὸ τοῦ σώματος ἀπαλλαγῇ τὸν δεσπότην προέλαβεν·
|Now, he was brought to the conflict before Pamphilus was consummated, and so departed from the body before his master who had brought him up.||Atque hic quidem, cum ante Pamphili consummationem postremus accessisset, prior e corpore excessit ad Dominum.||
καὶ οὗτος μὲν πρὸ τῆς τοῦ κατὰ σάρκα δεσπότου τελειώσεως,
ὕστατος ἐπὶ τὸν ἀγῶνα παρελθών, τὴν ἀπὸ τοῦ σώματος
ἀπαλλαγὴν προύλαβεν, ἔτι διαμελλόντων τῶν περὶ τοὺςπροτέρους ἐσπουδακότων·
|And before the death of his earthly master, though he had entered later on the conflict, he received release from the body, while those who had been zealous about the others were yet delaying.|
|(19.) ἦν δὲ ἄρα τὸν Πορφύριον θεωρεῖν
ἱερονίκου διαθέσει πάμμαχον νενικηκότος κεκονιμένον τὸ σῶμα, φαιδρὸν
δὲ τὴν ὄψιν θαρσαλέῳ τε φρονήματι καὶ γαύρῳ τὴν ἐπὶ τὸν θάνατον
βαδίζοντα, θείου πνεύματος ὡς ἀληθῶς ἔμπλεων.
|And thus Porphyrius exhibited himself as a warrior who was crowned with victory in all his conflicts; and although he was weak in body, he was of a cheerful countenance and courageous mind, and trod along the path of death without fear, and in truth he was full of the Holy Ghost.||XIII. Licebat autem videre Porphyrium, non secus affectum quam victorem in sacris certaminibus, qui in omnibus pugnis evaserat superior, corpore pulverulentum, vultu Igetum, audenter et exultando ad mortem progredientem, re vera plenum divino spiritu. .||(19.) ἦν δὲ ἄρα τὸν Πορφύριον
ἰδεῖν ἱερονίκου διαθέσει πάμμαχον νενικηκότος κεκονιμένον
μὲν τὸ σῶμα, φαιδρὸν δὲ τὸ πρόσωπον, θαρσαλέῳ φρονήματι
καὶ γαύρῳ μετὰ τοσαῦτα τὴν ἐπὶ θανάτῳ βαδίζοντα
|One could then see Porphyry, like one who had come off victorious in every conflict, his body covered with dust, but his countenance cheerful, after such sufferings, with courageous and exulting mind, advancing to death.|
|καὶ δὴ φιλοσόφῳ
σχήματι τῷ περὶ αὐτὸν ἀναβολαίῳ τρόπον ἐξωμίδος ἠμφιεσμένος
ἄνω βλέπων καὶ πάντα τὸν θνητὸν καὶ ἀνθρώπινον ὑπερφρονῶν βίον
ἀτρεμεῖ τῇ ψυχῇ πρόσεισι τῇ πυρᾷ. ἤδη δὲ αὐτῷ τῆς φλογὸςπελαζούσης ὡς ἂν μηδενὸς αὐτῷ παρόντος λυπηροῦ, ἀταράχῳ καὶ
νήφοντι λογισμῷ περὶ τῶν οἰκείων τοῖς γνωρίμοις ὁ ἥρως διετάττετοεἰς ἔτι τότε τὸ πρόσωπον φαιδρὸν καὶ ἀπαράλλακτον διαφυλάττων.
ὡς δὲ τοῖς γνωρίμοις αὐτάρκως συνετάξατο, πρὸς τὸν θεὸν ἤδη λοιπὸνἠπείγετο·
|And when he arrived at the place where he was put to death, having put on his cloak like a philosopher, with his shoulder uncovered, he looked with his eyes up towards heaven, and in his mind looked down upon all the life of man, and approached the fire with a soul unmoved, like one who had no harm near him, and with a watchful mind, and undisturbed, he gave charge to his friends respecting his human affairs, and then was anxious to go speedily [p. 46] to the presence of God.||Philosophico autem habitu suo
instar superhumeralis, rursum aspiciens et omnia humana despiciens,
mortalem, quieto animo accedit ad rogum
Cum jam flamma ei appropinquaret, et tanquam nihil ei adesset molestum, sana mente et nulla affecta perturbatione de rebus suis manctavit suis necessariis, adhuc vultum et universum corpus lastum conservans et immutatum. Postquam autem notos suos satis allocutus, eos valere jussit, jam de caetero contendebat ad Dominum.
θείου πνεύματος ὡς ἀληθῶς ἔμπλεων αὐτοῦ, [τε] φιλοσόφῳ
σχήματι μόνῳ τῷ περὶ αὐτὸν ἀναβολαίῳ ἐξωμίδος τρόπον
ἠμφιεσμένον νηφαλέῳ τε λογισμῷ περὶ ὧν ἐβούλετο, τοῖς
γνωρίμοις ἐντελλόμενον καὶ διανεύοντα ἐπ’ αὐτῷ τε ἰκρίῳ
τὸ πρόσωπον ἔτι φαιδρὸν διατηροῦντα,
|And as if truly filled with the Divine Spirit, covered only with his philosophic robe thrown about him as a cloak, soberly and intelligently he directed his friends as to what he wished, and beckoned to them, preserving still a cheerful countenance even at the stake.|
|τῆς γέ τοι πυρᾶς ἐξ ἀποστήματος κύκλῳ περὶ
ἁφθείσης, ἐνθένδε κἀκεῖθεν ὑφήρπαζε τῷ στόματι τὴν φλόγα, ἐπισπέρ-
χων αὐτὸς ἑαυτὸν ἐπὶ τὴν προκειμένην πορείαν· καὶ τοῦτο ἔπραττεν
οὐδὲ ἕτερον ἢ Ἰησοῦν ἀνακαλούμενος.
|When, therefore, the fire had been kindled at a distance around him, he caught at the flames here and there with his mouth, and his soul hastened to |43 the journey which lay before him.||Cum vero rogus, satis longo spatio disjunctus, circa eum esset accensus, hinc et illinc ore flammam arripiebat, se ipsum incitans ad iter propositum. Hoc autem faciebat nihil aliud quam Jesum invocans.||ἀλλὰ καὶ ἁφθείσης
ἔξω ἀπὸ μακροῦ ἀποστήματος κύκλῳ περὶ αὐτὸν τῆς πυρᾶς,
ἐνθένδε κἀκεῖθεν ἀφαρπάζοντα τῷ στόματι τὴν φλόγα
γενναιότατά τε εἰς ἐσχάτην ἀναπνοὴν ἐγκαρτεροῦντα τῇ
σιωπῇ μετὰ μίαν [τε] ἣν ἅμα καθαψαμένης αὐτοῦ τῆς
φλογὸς ἀπέρρηξε φωνήν, τὸν υἱὸν τοῦ θεοῦ Ἰησοῦν βοηθὸν ἐπιβοώμενος.
|But when the fire was kindled at some distance around him in a circle, having inhaled the flame into his mouth, he continued most nobly in silence from that time till his death, after the single word which he uttered when the flame first touched him, and he cried out for the help of Jesus the Son of God.|
|(20.) τοιοῦτος καὶ ὁ Πορφυρίου
|Such was the conflict of Porphyrius.||Tale est certamen Porphyrii.||(20.) τοιοῦτος καὶ ὁ Πορφυρίου ἆθλος·||Such was the contest of Porphyry.|
|τῆς δὲ κατ’ αὐτὸν τελειώσεως ἄγγελος τῷ
γενόμενος Σέλευκος τοῦ σὺν αὐτοῖς καταξιοῦται παραχρῆμα κλήρου.
|Then Seleucus carried to Pamphilus a report of all these things which had been done to Porphyrius, and as the reward for this intelligence it was granted of God to Seleucus that he should become a martyr with Pamphilus.||XIV. Cum ejus autem
consummations Pamphilo nuncius fuisset Seleucus, dignus.
habetur, cui sors eadem cum eis obtingeret.
κατ’ αὐτὸν τελειώσεως ἄγγελος τῷ Παμφίλῳ γενόμενος
τῶν ἀπὸ στρατείας τις ὁμολογητής, οἷα τηλικαύτης
ἀγγελίας διάκονος, τοῦ σὺν αὐτοῖς παραχρῆμα κλήρου
|His death was reported to
Pamphilus by a
##1 and 2, in this sequence]
αὐτίκα γοῦν διαγγείλαντα αὐτὸν τῷ Παμφίλῳ τὸ τοῦ Πορφυρίου τέλος<>καὶ τῶν μαρτύρων ἕνα φιλήματι ἀσπασάμενον συλλαβόντες οἱ στρατιῶται ἄγουσιν ἐπὶ τὸν ἡγεμόνα·
ὃ δὲ ὥσπερ ἐπισπεύδων τῶν πρότερον <>αὐτὸν συναπόδημον γενέσθαι, κεφαλικῇ κολασθῆναι τιμωρίᾳ προστάττει.>
|For immediately after he had given information to Pamphilus respecting the struggle and conflict of Porphyrius, as he saluted one of the martyrs with a kiss, the soldiers laid hold upon him and took him before the governor; and as Seleucus himself was anxious to go in company with the confessors, commandment was given for him to be beheaded.||Cum primum itaque renuntiasset
Pamphilo exitum Porphjrii, et uno osculo salutasset Martyres,
milites et ducunt ad Praesidem.
Ille autem perinde ac urgens, ut ipse abiret simul cum prioribus, jubet eum affici supplicio capitis.
|αὐτίκα γάρ τοι αὐτὸν διαγγείλαντα τὸ τοῦ
Πορφυρίου τέλος τῶν τε μαρτύρων ἕνα δή τινα φιλήματι
προσειπόντα ἐπιλαβόμενοι στρατιῶταί τινες ἄγουσιν ἐπὶ τὸν
ἡγεμόνα· ὃ δὲ ὥσπερ ἐπισπέρχων αὐτὸν τῶν πρότερον
συναπόδημον τῆς εἰς οὐρανοὺς γενέσθαι πορείας, αὐτίκα
κεφαλικῇ τιμωρίᾳ κολασθῆναι προστάττει.
|For as soon as he related the death of Porphyry, and had saluted one of the martyrs with a kiss, some of the soldiers seized him and led him to the governor. And he, as if he would hasten him on to be a companion of the former on the way to heaven, commanded that he be put to death immediately.|
|(21.) τῆς Καππαδοκῶν οὗτος ὡρμᾶτο γῆς, λαμπρότατα
ἐν στρατείαις εὐδοκιμήσας, τῶν ἐν Ῥωμαϊκαῖς προκοπαῖς οὐ μικρᾶς
|And this Seleucus came from the country of Cappadocia, and had acquired a glorious reputation by his military service, having held an important command in the ranks of the army.||Is erat ex regione Cappadocum, cum autem militia se praeclare gessisset, ad non parvos gradus dignitatum pervenerat in Romano exercitu.||[τῶν ἀπὸ στρατείας τις ὁμολογητής,]
(21.) οὗτος ἦν
μὲν ἀπὸ τῆς Καππαδοκῶν γῆς, τῆς δ’ ἐν στρατείαις ἐπιλέκτου
νεολαίας καὶ τῶν ἐν Ῥωμαϊκοῖς ἀξιώμασιν οὐ μικρᾶς τιμῆς
He was one of the confessors from the army.]
This man was from Cappadocia, and belonged to the select band of soldiers, and had obtained no small honor in those things which are esteemed among the Romans.
|οὐ μὴν ἀλλὰ καὶ αὐτῇ ἡλικίᾳ καὶ ῥώμῃ σώματος
μεγέθει τε καὶ ἰσχύος ἀρετῇ πλεῖστον ὅσον τοὺς λοιποὺς ἐπλεονέκτει,
|And not only this, but he also surpassed most men in stature by the size of his person and his prowess.||Quin etiam statura, viribusque
magnitudine corporis, reliquos omnes longe superabat:
||ἡλικίᾳ τε γὰρ καὶ ῥώμῃ σώματος μεγέθει τε
καὶ ἰσχύϊ παρὰ πλεῖστον ὅσον τοὺς συστρατιώτας ἐπλεονέκτει,
|For in stature and bodily strength, and size and vigor, he far excelled his fellow-soldiers,|
καὶ τὴν πρόσοψιν δὲ αὐτὴν περίβλεπτος ἦν τοῖς πᾶσι τό τε πᾶν εἶδος (5)
ἀξιάγαστος μεγέθους ἕνεκα καὶ εὐμορφίας.
|His appearance, too, was very handsome.||ipso quoque aspectu erat omnibus suspiciendus, et tota forma corporis plane admirabilis, tarn propter magnitudinem quam propter pulchritudinem.||
ὡς καὶ τὴν πρόσοψιν αὐτῷ περιβόητον τοῖς πᾶσιν εἶναι καὶ
τὸ πᾶν εἶδος ἀξιάγαστον μεγέθους ἕνεκα καὶ εὐμορφίας.
|so that his appearance was matter of common talk, and his whole form was admired on account of its size and symmetrical proportions.|
|(22.) κατ’ ἀρχὰς μὲν οὖν
τοῦ διωγμοῦ διὰ μαστίγων ὑπομονῆς τοῖς κατὰ τὴν ὁμολογίαν διέπρε-
ψεν ἀγῶσι· μετὰ δὲ τὴν τῆς στρατείας ἀπαλλαγὴν ζηλωτὴν αὐτὸς @1
ἑαυτὸν καταστήσας τῶν τῆς θεοσεβείας ἀσκητῶν, Χριστοῦ γνήσιος
|Moreover, at the commencement of
persecution he had been famous for his endurance of scourgings in
and after he had been dismissed from his military service on account of his religion, his zeal suffered not him to abstain from doing good, and so he was anxious to serve in the beloved ranks of Christ.
|Atque in principio «quidem
persecutionis, per flagellorum perpessionem clarus extitit in
Postquam autem fuerat liberatus a militia, seipsum constituens semulatorem eorum, qui se exercent in pietate, efficitur Christi germanus miles,
|(22.) κατ’ ἀρχὰς μὲν οὖν τοῦ διωγμοῦ διὰ μαστίγων
τοῖς κατὰ τὴν ὁμολογίαν διαπρέψας ἀγῶσιν, μετὰ δὲ τὴν
τῆς στρατείας ἀπαλλαγὴν ζηλωτὴν ἑαυτὸν καταστήσας τῶν
τῆς θεοσεβείας ἀσκητῶν,
|At the beginning of the
persecution he was prominent in
the conflicts of confession, through his patience under scourging.
After he left the army he set himself to imitate zealously the religious ascetics,
|ὀρφανῶν ἐρήμων καὶ χηρῶν ἀπεριστάτων (5)
τῶν τε ἐν πενίᾳ καὶ ἀσθενείᾳ καταπονουμένων ἐπίσκοπός τις οἷα
καὶ φροντιστὴς ἐπιμελούμενος πατρός τε καὶ κηδεμόνος δίκην τῶν
<>ἀπερριμμένων ἁπάντων τοὺς πόνους καὶ τὰς κακοπαθείας ἀνακτώμενος· >
|As a visitor, therefore, of lonely orphans, and of destitute widows, and of those who were afflicted with poverty and sickness, he became a visitor and supporter of these, and, like a tender father, endeavoured to heal their afflictions.||orphanorum desertorum et viduarum, quee carebant praesidio, eorumque qui paupertate opprimebantur et imbecillitate, tanquam episcopus quispiam et procurator, curam gerens et instar diligentis et solicit! patris, omnium, qui abjecti erant, labores recreans et affectiones.||ὀρφανῶν ἐρήμων καὶ χηρῶν
ἀπεριστάτων τῶν τε ἐν πενίαις καὶ ἀσθενείαις ἀπερριμμένων
ἐπίσκοπος ὥσπερ καὶ ἐπίκουρος πατρὸς καὶ κηδεμόνος δίκην
|and as if he were their father and guardian he showed himself a bishop and patron of destitute orphans and defenceless widows and of those who were distressed with penury or sickness.|
|ὅθεν εἰκότως πρὸς τοῦ τοῖς τοιοῖσδε χαίροντος
ἢ ταῖς διὰ καπνοῦ καὶ αἵματος θυσίαις τῆς κατὰ τὸ μαρτύριον ἠξιώθητελειώσεως.
|And after all these things, in which God delighteth more than sacrifices, and burnt-offerings, and incense, he was counted worthy of being consummated by confession.||Quamobrem merito Deo his magis laetante quam quae per fumum et sanguinem fiunt, sacrificiis, dignus fait habitus consummatione, quge fit per martyrium.||[οἷα τηλικαύτης
ἀγγελίας διάκονος, τοῦ σὺν αὐτοῖς παραχρῆμα κλήρου
ὅθεν δὴ εἰκότων πρὸς τοῦ τοῖς τοιοῖσδε
μᾶλλον τῶν διὰ καπνοῦ καὶ αἵματος θυσιῶν χαίροντος θεοῦ τῆς κατὰ τὸ μαρτύριον παραδόξου κλήσεως ἠξιώθη.
As the bearer of such a message, he was forthwith deemed worthy of a similar lot.]
It is likely that on this account he was deemed worthy of an extraordinary call to martyrdom by God, who rejoices in such things more than in the smoke and blood of sacrifices.
|(23.) δέκατος οὗτος ἀθλητὴς σὺν τοῖς εἰρημένοις
τῇ αὐτῇ τετελείωτο ἡμέρᾳ,
|And this was the tenth combatant of those who have been mentioned above as having received all together on the same day their consummation and crown.||Hie decimus athleta cum iis, qui dicti sunt, consummatus fait uno eodemque die:||(23.) δέκατος οὗτος ἀθλητὴς ἐπὶ τοῖς δεδηλωμένοις
ἐν μιᾷ καὶ τῇ
αὐτῇ τετελείωτο ἡμέρᾳ,
|He was the tenth athlete among those whom we have mentioned as meeting their end on one and the same day.|
|καθ’ ἥν, ὡς ἔοικε, μεγίστης τῷ Παμφίλου
μαρτυρίῳ πύλης οὐρανῶν διανοιχθείσης, εὐμαρὴς ἅμ’ αὐτῷ καὶ ἄφθονος ἡ τῆς τοῦ θεοῦ βασιλείας ἐγένετο πάροδος.
|And it seemed as if a great door of the kingdom of heaven had been opened by the confession of Pamphilus [p. 47], and an abundant entrance been effected for others as well as himself into the paradise of God.||in quo, ut est consentaneum, maxima Pamphili martyrio porta coelorum aperta, facilis et expeditus ei fuit aditus regni coelorum.||καθ’ ἥν, ὡς ἔοικεν, μεγίστης τῷ
Παμφίλου μαρτυρίῳ ἐπαξίως τοῦ ἀνδρὸς διανοιχθείσης
πύλης, εὐμαρὴς ἅμ’ αὐτῷ καὶ ἑτέροις ἡ πάροδος τῆς εἰς τὴν
βασιλείαν τῶν οὐρανῶν εἰσόδου γεγένηται.
|On this day, as was fitting, the chief gate was opened, and a ready way of entrance into the kingdom of heaven was given to the martyr Pamphilus and to the others with him.|
|(24.) κατ’ ἴχνος
δῆτα τῷ Σελεύκῳ Θεόδουλος σεμνός τις καὶ θεοσεβὴς παρῄει
πρεσβύτης, τῆς ἡγεμονικῆς οἰκετίας πρώτης τιμῆς ἠξιωμένος τρόπων
καὶ ἡλικίας ἕνεκα καὶ διὰ τὸ τριγενείας αὐτὸν πατέρα καθεστάναι καὶ
ἔτι μᾶλλον δι’ ἣν ἔσῳζε περὶ τοὺς κηδεμόνας εὔνοιαν.
|The next that was brought forward after Seleucus was the pure and pious Theodulus; and he was one of the slaves of the governor, and the oldest of them all, and was much respected by |44 them all, both on account of his manners and his years; and although he was the father of three generations, and had served his master with fidelity, still he had no mercy on him when he heard that he had saluted the martyrs in the same way as Seleucus.||XV. Seleuci institit vestigiis
Theodulus quidam, venerandus et pius senex, qui primum honoris locum
obtinuerat inter servos
praesidis, et morum et ffitatis gratia, et quod trium filiorum esset
pater, et maxime propter benevolentiam quam conservabat in
suos. Is autem, cum similiter fecisset atque Seleucus, et quendam ex
martyribus salutasset osculo, adducitur ad dominum.
||(24.) κατ’ ἴχνη
δῆτα τῷ Σελεύκῳ Θεόδουλος, σεμνός τις καὶ θεοσεβὴς
πρεσβύτης, τῆς ἡγεμονικῆς τυγχάνων οἰκετίας τετιμημένος
τε παρὰ τῷ Φιρμιλιανῷ πλέον τῶν κατὰ τὸν οἶκον ἁπάντων,
τοῦτο μὲν τῆς ἡλικίας ἕνεκεν καὶ τῷ τριγενείας πατέρα
καθεστάναι, τοῦτο δὲ δι’ ἣν ἔσῳζεν περὶ αὐτοὺς εὔνοιαν
καὶ πιστοτάτην συνείδησιν,
|In the footsteps of Seleucus came Theodulus, a grave and pious old man, who belonged to the governor's household, and had been honored by Firmilianus himself more than all the others in his house on account of his age, and because he was a father of the third generation, and also on account of the kindness and most faithful conscientiousness which he had manifested toward him.|
| τὸ παραπλήσιον
δὴ τῷ Σελεύκῳ καὶ οὗτος διαπραξάμενος καί τινα τῶν μαρτύρων
ἀσπασάμενος φιλήματι, προσάγεται τῷ δεσπότῃ, μᾶλλόν τε αὐτὸν
τῶν ἄλλων ἐπ’ ὀργὴν ὀξύνας, ταὐτὸν τοῦ σωτηρίου μαρτύριον πάθους
σταυρῷ παραδοθεὶς ἀνεδέξατο.
|For after this had been told to his master, he was excited with fury against him much more than against the rest; and gave command that he should be put to death by the same mode of suffering as our Saviour, and suffer martyrdom on the cross.||Quem cum magis ad iram irritasset quam alii, salutaris passionis cruci traditus, subiit martyrium.|| τὸ παραπλήσιον τῷ Σελεύκῳ
διαπραξάμενος, προσαχθεὶς τῷ δεσπότῃ καὶ μᾶλλον αὐτὸν
τῶν πρότερον ὀξύνας, ταὐτὸν τοῦ σωτηρίου μαρτύριονπάθους σταυρῷ παραδοθεὶς κατεδέξατο.
|As he pursued the course of Seleucus when brought before his master, the latter was more angry at him than at those who had preceded him, and condemned him to endure the martyrdom of the Saviour on the cross|
|(25.) ἐπὶ τούτοις ἑνὸς ἔτι λείποντος
ὃς τὸν δωδέκατον ἀποπληρώσειεν τοῖς εἰρημένοις ἀριθμόν, Ἰουλιανὸς<>παρῆν τοῦτον ἀποπληρώσων. ἐξ ἀποδημίας οὗτος αὐτῆς ὥρας ἀφικόμενος μηδὲ εἰσβαλών πω τῇ πόλει, εὐθὺς ὡς εἶχεν ἀπὸ τῆς ὁδοῦ, >
μαθὼν παρά του καὶ ὁρμήσας ἐπὶ τὴν τῶν μαρτύρων θέαν ὡς ἐπὶ τῆς
γῆς χαμαὶ κείμενα τὰ τῶν ἁγίων ἐθεάσατο σώματα, χαρᾶς ἔμπλεως γεγονώς, ἑκάστῳ περιπλέκεται, φιλήματι τοὺς πάντας ἀσπαζόμενος.
|But there was still one wanted after these to complete the number twelve; and so Julianus arrived from a journey, and, as if it were on purpose to make up the number of martyrs twelve, the moment he arrived, before he was yet entered into the city, immediately on the way he was told by some one respecting the matter of the confessors, and ran to have a sight of the confessors; and when he beheld the bodies of the saints lying upon the ground, he was filled with joy, and embraced them one after another with heavenly love, and saluted them all with a kiss.||XVI. Cum post hos unus adhuc
restaret, qui inter eos, qui dicti sunt, numerum
impleret duodecimum, eum impleturus aderat Julianus.
Is, cum ea ipsa hora rediisset ex peregrinatione, ne ingressus quidem civitatern, ita ut erat ex itinere, hoc audito profectus ad videndos martyres, postquam adspexit sanctorum corpora humi jacentia, gaudio repletus, unumquemque amplectitur, omnes salutans osculo.
|(25.) ἐπὶ τούτοις
ἑνὸς ἔτι λείποντος, ὃς τὸν δωδέκατον ἀποπλήσοι τοῖς
δηλουμένοις μάρτυσιν ἀριθμόν, Ἰουλιανὸς παρῆν τοῦτον
ἀποπληρώσων. ἐξ ἀποδημίας γέ τοι ἀφικόμενος αὐτίκα
καὶ μηδ’ εἰσβαλών πω τῇ πόλει, εὐθὺς ὡς εἶχεν ἀπὸ τῆς ὁδοῦ,
μαθὼν καὶ ὁρμήσας ἐπὶ τὴν τῶν μαρτύρων θέαν, ὡς ἐπὶ γῆς
χαμαὶ τὰ τῶν ἁγίων εἶδεν σκηνώματα, χαρᾶς ἔμπλεως γεγονώς, ἑκάστῳ περιπλακείς, τοὺς πάντας ἠσπάζετο.
|As there lacked yet one to fill up the number of the twelve martyrs of whom we have spoken, Julian came to complete it. He had just arrived from abroad, and had not yet entered the gate of the city, when having learned about the martyrs while still on the way, he rushed at once, just as he was, to see them. When he beheld the tabernacles of the saints prone on the ground, being filled with joy, he embraced and kissed them all.|
(26.) ἔτι δὲ τοῦτο πράττοντα συλλαβόντες οἱ τῶν φόνων διάκονοι
προσάγουσι τῷ ἄρχοντι· ὃ δὲ ἀκόλουθα τῇ προαιρέσει τελῶν, μακρῷ
καὶ τοῦτον πυρὶ παραδίδωσιν.
|And while he was still visiting them, and lamenting that he himself had not suffered martyrdom with them, the officers seized him, and took him before the judge; and that judge commanded what his evil heart conceived, and delivered him also to a slow fire.||Eo autem adhuc agente, eum
comprehendunt lictores et adducunt ad
prassidem. Impius vero suo institute faciens consentanea, eum quoque
||(26.) τοῦτο ποιοῦντα συλλαβόντες αὖθις οἱ τῶν φόνων
διάκονοι προσάγουσι τῷ Φιρμιλιανῷ, ἀκόλουθα δ’ αὑτῷ ἐπιτελῶν μακρῷ καὶ τοῦτον πυρὶ παραδίδωσιν.
ministers of slaughter straightway seized him as he was doing this
and led him to Firmilianus.
Acting as was his custom, he condemned him to a slow fire.
|οὕτω δῆτα καὶ Ἰουλιανὸς σκιρτῶν
καὶ ὑπεραλλόμενος μεγάλῃ τε τῇ φωνῇ τῷ τηλικούτων αὐτὸν ἀγαθῶνἀξιώσαντι θεῷ χάριτας ὁμολογῶν, μαρτύρων ἐν χοροῖς ἀνελαμβάνετο.
|So this Julianus, also, with joy and gladness praised God with a loud voice for having counted him worthy of this; and his soul ascended to his Lord with the company of the confessors.||Sic itaque Julianus laetans et exultans, et magna voce Deo, qui tantis bonis eum erat dignatus, agens gratias, assumptus fuit in chores martyrum.||οὕτω δῆτα
καὶ Ἰουλιανὸς σκιρτῶν καὶ ὑπεραλλόμενος μεγάλῃ τε φωνῇ
τῷ τηλικούτων αὐτὸν ἀξιώσαντι κυρίῳ ὑπερευχαριστῶν, τοῦ
τῶν μαρτύρων κατηξιώθη στεφάνου.
|Thereupon Julian, leaping and exulting, in a loud voice gave thanks to the Lord who had judged him worthy of such things, and was honored with the crown of martyrdom.|
(27.) ἦν δὲ καὶ οὗτος τὸ μὲν γένος τῶν Καππαδοκῶν, τὸν δὲ τρόπον
πλήρης μὲν εὐλαβείας, πλήρης δὲ πίστεως, πρᾶος ἀνὴρ
|And this man was by family of Cappadocia, and in his soul he was filled with the fear of God, being a quiet and religious man, and diligent in the practice of every virtue.||Erat autem is quoque genere
quidem Cappadox, moribus plenus quidem
pietate, plenus et fide, vir mitis et mansuetus, et alioqui vir bonus,
||(27.) ἦν δὲ καὶ οὗτος
τὸ μὲν κατὰ σάρκα γένος Καππαδοκῶν, τὸν δὲ τρόπον
εὐλαβέστατος καὶ πιστότατος καὶ γνησιώτατος σπουδαῖός τε
τὰ ἄλλα πάντα
|He was a Cappadocian by birth, and in his manner of life he was most circumspect, faithful and sincere, zealous in all other respects,|
|καὶ ἐπιεικὴς τά <>τε ἄλλα σπουδαῖος καὶ πνέων εὐωδίας ἁγίου πνεύματος· τοσοῦτον συνοδίας στῖφος σὺν τῷ μακαρίῳ Παμφίλῳ τῆς τοῦ μαρτυρίου τελειώσεως ἠξιώθη.||There was also in him a glorious savour of the Holy Spirit; and he was counted worthy to be associated with the company of these who received the consummation of confession together with the blessed Pamphilus. [p. 48.]||et spirans bonum odorem Sancti Spiritus. Tanta turba comitatus, dignatus fuit consummatione martyrii cum beatissimo Pamphilo.||καὶ πνέων αὐτοῦ ἁγίου πνεύματος. τοιοῦτο
τῆς συνοδίας τὸ στῖφος τῶν ἅμα Παμφίλῳ συνεισελθεῖν ἐπὶ
τὸ μαρτύριον ἀξιωθέντων.
animated by the Holy Spirit himself.
Such was the company which was thought worthy to enter into martyrdom with Pamphilus.
|28.) ἐπὶ τέτταρας δῆτα ἡμέρας τοσαύτας τε νύκτας
ξει τοῦ Φιρμιλιανοῦ τὰ πανάγια σώματα τῶν τοῦ θεοῦ μαρτύρων εἰς
βορὰν τοῖς σαρκοβόροις θηρίοις ἐξέκειτο·
|Four days and nights then were the bodies of the all-holy martyrs of God exposed to be devoured by wild beasts, by the command of the governor Firmillianus.||Et quatuor quidem dies et totidem noctes jussu Firmilliani sanctissirna martyrum corpora exposita fuerunt bestiis carnivoris.||(28.) τούτων ἐπὶ τέσσαρας ἡμέρας
τοσαύτας τε νύκτας ἐκ προστάξεως τοῦ δυσσεβοῦς ἡγουμένου
τὰ ἱερὰ καὶ ὄντως ἅγια σώματα εἰς βορὰν τοῖς σαρκοβόροις
|By the command of the impious governor their sacred and truly holy bodies were kept as food for the wild beasts for four days and as many nights.|
|ὡς δὲ οὐδὲν αὐτοῖς προσῄει,
οὐ θήρ, οὐκ ὄρνεον, οὐ κύων, ἐξ οἰκονομίας θεοῦ ληφθέντα σῶα καὶ
ἀβλαβῆ, τῆς προσηκούσης τιμῆς καὶ κηδείας λαχόντα, τῇ συνήθει
παρεδόθη ταφῇ, ναῶν οἴκοις περικαλλέσιν ἀποτεθέντα ἐν ἱεροῖς τε
προσευκτηρίοις εἰς ἄληστον μνήμην τῷ τοῦ θεοῦ λαῷ τιμᾶσθαι παραδεδομένα.
|When, therefore, nothing had touched them, not even the wild beasts, they were taken up whole without the permission of the governor, and with due |45 reverence committed to an honourable burial; and were laid in the interior of the churches, and so consigned to a never-to-be-forgotten memorial in the temples of the house of prayer, that they might be honoured of their brethren who are with God.||Cum autem Dei providentia nihil ad eos accessisset, non fera, non avis, non aliquid aliud, sed sana permansissent et integra, justum et convenientem honorem consecuta, consuetae mandata sunt sepulturae, reposita in pulchris templorum sedibus, et sacris traditas oratoriis ad perpetuam memoriam, ut honorarentur a populo, ad gloriam Christi, veri Dei nostri."||ὡς δ’ οὐδὲν αὐτοῖς παραδόξως, οὐ θηρίον, οὐ
οὐ κύων προσεπέλαζεν, αὖθις ἐξ οἰκονομίας τῆς τοῦ θεοῦ
προνοίας ἀβλαβῆ ληφθέντα τῆς τε προσηκούσης κηδείας λαχόντα, τῇ συνήθει παρεδόθη ταφῇ.
|But since, strange to say, through the providential care of God, nothing approached them, — neither beast of prey, nor bird, nor dog, — they were taken up uninjured, and after suitable preparation were buried in the customary manner.|
|(29.) ἔτι δὲ τῆς κατὰ
τούτους κινήσεως ἀνὰ στόμα τοῖς πᾶσι λαλουμένης, Ἀδριανὸς
καὶ Εὔβουλος ἀπὸ Βαταναίας οὕτω καλουμένης χώρας ὡς
τοὺς λοιποὺς ὁμολογητὰς εἰς τὴν Καισάρειαν ἀφικόμενοι,
πρὸς τῇ πύλῃ καὶ αὐτοὶ δι’ ἣν ἐληλύθασιν ἀνεκρίνοντο
αἰτίαν· εἶτα ὁμολογήσαντες τἀληθές, τῷ Φιρμιλιανῷ
|When the report of what had been done to these men was spread in all directions, Adrianus and Eubulus, having come from the so-called country of Manganaea to Caesarea, to see the remaining confessors, were also asked at the gate the reason for their coming; and having acknowledged the truth, were brought to Firmilianus.|
|ὃ δ’ ὡς εἶχεν, πάλιν μηδὲν ὑπερθέμενος, μετὰ
πλείστας βασάνους ἃς κατὰ τῶν πλευρῶν αὐτοῖς ἐπιτέθεικεν,θηρίων αὐτοὺς βορᾷ κατακρίνει.
|But he, as was his custom, without delay inflicted many tortures in their sides, and condemned them to be devoured by wild beasts.|
|(30.) δυεῖν δὴ οὖν μεταξὺ
διελθουσῶν ἡμερῶν, ὁ μὲν Ἀδριανὸς Δύστρου πέμπτῃ μηνός,
πρὸ τριῶν Νώνων Μαρτίων, γενεθλίων τῆς κατὰ Καισάρειαν
νομιζομένης Τύχης ἡμέρᾳ, λέοντι παραβληθεὶς καὶ μετὰ
τοῦτον ξίφει κατασφαγεὶς ἐτελειώθη·
|After two days, on the fifth of the month Dystrus, the third before the Nones of March, which was regarded as the birthday of the tutelary divinity of Caesarea, Adrianus was thrown to a lion, and afterwards slain with the sword.|
|ὁ δὲ Εὔβουλος μεθ’
ἑτέραν μέσην, Νώναις αὐταῖς, ἣ γένοιτ’ ἂν ἑβδόμη Δύστρου,
πολλὰ λιπαρήσαντος αὐτὸν τοῦ δικαστοῦ ὡς ἂν θύσας τῆς
νομιζομένης παρ’ αὐτῶν ἐλευθερίας τύχοι, τῆς προσκαίρου
ζωῆς τὸν ὑπὲρ εὐσεβείας εὐκλεῆ προτιμήσας θάνατον, μετὰ
τοὺς θῆρας ὁμοίως τῷ προτέρῳ θῦμα γενόμενος, ὕστατος
τῶν ἐπὶ τῆς Καισαρείας μαρτύρων τοὺς ἄθλους ἐπεσφραγίσατο.
|But Eubulus, two days later, on the Nones of March, that is, on the seventh of the month Dystrus, when the judge had earnestly entreated him to enjoy by sacrificing that which was considered freedom among them, preferring a glorious death for religion to transitory life, was made like the other an offering to wild beasts, and as the last of the martyrs in Caesarea, sealed the list of athletes.|
|(31.) μνημονεῦσαι δ’ ἔτι ἄξιον ἐνταῦθα τοῦ λόγου ὡς
ἄρα οὐκ εἰς μακρὸν τῆς οὐρανίου προνοίας τοὺς δυσσεβεῖς
ἄρχοντας αὐτοῖς τυράννοις μετελθούσης,
|It is proper also to relate here, how in a short time the heavenly Providence came upon the impious rulers, together with the tyrants themselves.|
|ὁ τὰ τοσαῦτα κατὰ
τῶν τοῦ Χριστοῦ μαρτύρων παροινήσας, αὐτὸς δὴ ὁ Φιρμι-
λιανός, μετὰ τῶν ἄλλων ἐσχάτην ὑπομείνας τιμωρίαν ξίφει
τὴν ζωὴν καταστρέφει.
|For that very Firmilianus, who had thus abused the martyrs of Christ, after suffering with the others the severest punishment, was put to death by the sword.|
|καὶ τὰ μὲν κατὰ Καισάρειαν ἐφ’
ὅλοις τοῖς τοῦ διωγμοῦ χρόνοις ἐπιτελεσθέντα μαρτύρια
|Such were the martyrdoms which took place at Caesarea during the entire period of the persecution.|