Eve (Lost Apocrypha, p.8)
[supplement by R.A.Kraft]:
One of the shortest entries in Lost Apocrypha is that for "Eve" (half a page), following more than seven pages on "Adam" in which "Adam and Eve" materials also are treated. Here is what MRJ has to say about "Eve" by herself:\1/
\1/The treatment of relevant women in Lost Apocrypha is perhaps worth a brief note. In addition to "Eve," there is an entry for "NOAH: NORIA HIS WIFE" following the treatment of Noah by himeslf. Asenath/Aseneth does not get a separate entry, although in connection with "Joseph," MRJ expounds his theory that the "Prayer(s) of Aseneth" is a substitute title for the "Prayer of Joseph" (which does have its own entry). There are no separate treatments of Susanna or Judith or the Maccabean martyr/mother ("Martha Shamuni" ?) or of the Sibylline Oracles (but see xiv, 12, 101). Otherwise, he does mention the Acts of St Katherine (p.33) and "Queen Mary's Prayer-book" (13f) among relevant sources to explore.
In this case MRJ has allowed himself to touch an area he normally avoids -- and explicitly excludes from ANT -- the gnostic Christian use of Jewish scriptural names and traditions. This now becomes especially relevant in the post Nag Hammadi discoveries era, with the larger problem of "gnostic" use of "Jewish" materials brought to the fore. Thus our new entry for "Eve" should provide some guidance into those materials, one way or another. But on the "pseudepigrapha" side of things, DiTommaso has no entry for "Eve," apart from "Adam," and does not seem to have a sub-entry under "Adam" for this "Gospel of Eve" -- at least not that could be located through the table of contents (unfortunately, DiTommaso lacks an index). On the "NTA" side, although Hennecke-Schneemelcher includes a section on "Gospels under the names of holy women" within the larger entry for "Other Gnostic Gospels and Related Literature" (by H.-C. Puech, revised by B.Blatz), this "Eve" material is not mentioned there. Denis does include a brief notice, in discussing Epiphanius' evidence, and refers also to E.Preuschen's Antilegomena: Die Reste der ausserkanonischen Evangelien und urchristlichen U%berlieferungen (Giessen 1901, 1905\2) no.19.\2/
\2/Albert-Marie Denis, Introduction aus Pseudépigraphes Grecs d'Ancien Testament (Studia in Veteris Testamenti Pseudepigrapha 1; Leiden: Brill 1970) 302.
We have here a good example of material that seems to fall helplessly between the conventional "OT" and "NT" categories -- not unlike various other items represented in Lost Apocrypha and ANT -- and hopefully by paying closer attention to it we may be able to throw further light on its origins and development. Eve is not an insignificant figure in the Nag Hammadi texts, and the way she is treated in some of these materials (e.g. the Apocalypse of Adam,), suggests that the description found in Epiphanius is not all that remote from what may well have been pre-Christian Jewish traditions that focused on Eve, despite MRJ's rather cursory dismissal.
The first edition of The Nag Hammadi Library in English, ed James M. Robinson (NY: Harper & Row 1977) includes a convenient index that unfortunately was dropped from later editions. Eve appears numerous times (designated here by codex.item[title of the item].lines):
This sort of material deserves closer scrutiny in the "new (electronic) James."
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