Language Surveys and Language Censuses

These materials were located by performing an ERIC search using the selectors "language survey" and "language Census".

Author:        Moseley, Paula;  Wilde, Jeffrey
Title:         Bilingual Program Survey Report, 1985-86. Publication No. 494.
Author Affil.: Los Angeles Unified School District, Calif. Research and
               Evaluation Branch.
Year:          1986
Language:      English
Pub. Type:     Evaluative report;  Test questionnaire
Note:          154p.
Pages:         154; 2
Avail. Level:  Available on microfiche
Abstract:      This report describes the administrators, teachers, and
               students involved in the Los Angeles (California) Unified
               School District's programs for students whose primary language
               is not English.  The students were in elementary, secondary,
               and special education programs.  Survey results are summarized
               at the beginning of the paper, followed by a more in-depth
               description of the survey, and four appendices which make up
               about three-quarters of the document.  The appendices describe
               the procedures used to identify and assess the limited English
               Proficient students; present the tables of data collected in
               the survey; present the instruments used to collect the data
               and assess English proficiency; and describe the instruments--
               the Home Language Survey, the Basic Inventory of Natural
               Language, and the Bilingual Program Surveys.  Conclusions
               indicated that although the number of limited English speaking
               students increased from 1982-83 to 1985-86, most categories of
               school staff did not increase at the same rate.  (JGL)
Subject Major: Bilingual-Education-Programs.  English-Second-Language.
               Limited-English-Speaking.  Program-Implementation. Student-
Subject Minor: Bilingual-Students.  Bilingual-Teachers.  Elementary-Secondary-
               Education. Enrollment-Trends.  Individualized-Education-
               Programs. Language-Proficiency.  Participant-Characteristics. 
               Questionnaires. School-Surveys.  Second-Language-Instruction. 
Identifiers:   Basic-Inventory-of-Natural-Language.  Bilingual-Program-
               Surveys.    Home-Language-Survey.  Los-Angeles-

Author:        Hudson, Joyce, Ed.;  Pym, N., Ed.
Title:         Language Survey. Work Papers of SIL-AAB, Series B,
               Volume 11.
Author Affil.: Summer Inst. of Linguistics, Darwin (Australia). Australian
               Aborigines Branch.
Year:          1984
Language:      English
Pub. Type:     Collection;  Research report
Note:          183p.
Pages:         183; 2
Avail. Level:  Available on microfiche
Abstract:      Reports on three surveys of Australian Aboriginal language use,
               undertaken to determine the language groups' needs for
               translation and literacy projects, are presented. 
               "Communicability of Some Western Desert Communilects" by K. C.
               Hansen evaluates mutual intelligibility between languages and
               dialects in that region, and addresses the complicating factor
               of bilingualism: how much of the intelligibility is due to
               linguistic similarity and how much to contact between language
               groups.  "Report on Survey of the Central Northern Territory"
               by David Glasgow describes a more general linguistic survey to
               determine the locations and numbers of speakers of several
               language groups and to answer some preliminary questions about
               language usage.  "Observations on Language Change at Hope Vale"
               by Noreen Pym reports on a sociolinguistic survey that looked
               at a single community and addressed questions of language
               usage: who speaks what, to whom, and in what circumstances, and
               how people feel about their traditional languages.  (MSE)
Subject Major: Dialects.  Language-Attitudes.  Language-Usage.  Mutual-
Subject Minor: Bilingualism.  Community-Surveys.  Creoles.  Descriptive-
               Linguistics. Ethnic-Groups.  Foreign-Countries.  Indigenous-
               Populations. Language-Research.  Language-Variation.  Regional-
               Characteristics. Sociolinguistics.  Surveys.  Uncommonly-
Identifiers:   Aboriginal-People.  Australia

Author:        Berdan, Robert;  And Others
Title:         Language among the Cherokee: Patterns of Language Use in
               Northeastern Oklahoma. Part II: Questionnaire and Codebook.
Author Affil.: National Center for Bilingual Research, Los Alamitos, Calif.
Sponsor:       National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Year:          1982
Language:      English
Pub. Type:     Research report;  Test questionnaire
Note:          128p.; For related document, see FL 013 959.
Pages:         128; 2
Avail. Level:  Available on microfiche
Report No.:    NCBR-08-82
Abstract:      The survey questionnaire and a description of the coding system
               used for analyzing the data collected in a survey of Cherokee
               language and education are presented.  The survey was designed
               to study language use, bilingualism, and education in the
               Cherokee community.  The survey encompassed 198 Cherokee
               children between the ages of 5 and 14 who attended public
               school.  Findings are reported in a separate volume.  The
               coding system was developed to categorize and assign numerical
               designations to the responses to the survey questions as a
               prerequisite to data analysis.  The codebook is intended to
               provide all the information needed to aid the user in working
               with the data from the Cherokee language survey.  (RW)
Subject Major: American-Indians.  Cherokee.  Language-Maintenance.
Subject Minor: Bilingualism.  Elementary-Secondary-Education.  Language-
               Attitudes. Language-of-Instruction.  Language-Usage. 
Identifiers:   Cherokee-Nation.  Oklahoma

Author:        Burnaby, Barbara;  And Others
Title:         Northern Native Languages Project. Final Report.
Year:          1980
Language:      English
Pub. Type:     Project description
Note:          105p.
Pages:         105; 2
Avail. Level:  Available on microfiche
Abstract:      The Northern Native Language Project was constituted in June
               1979 to produce a report which would present information on the
               present situation regarding language education schools in the
               project area of Ontario (James Bay, Nakina, and Sioux Lookout)
               and to make recommendations concerning appropriate action for
               the future.  The introduction of the report describes
               activities of the Project, provides a map of the project area,
               and outlines the project's implementation.  Part I addresses
               general observations made from community visits, potential
               programs, basic strategies and questions regarding language for
               communities to consider.  Part II looks at English medium
               courses and English as a Second Language (ESL) programs. 
               General observations pertaining to Native language arts
               programs for English medium schools is presented in Part III. 
               Part IV is concerned with using the Native language as a medium
               of teaching courses.  Part V describes present qualifications
               of teaching personnel in northern schools and surveys what kind
               of training is available.  Appendices containing ESL Programs
               and activity books, a summary of Northern Native Language
               survey, Native language instructor's pay grid, and programs
               for teachers of Native language enrichment and literacy
               conclude the document.  (ERB)
Subject Major: American-Indian-Education.  Canada-Natives.  English-Second-
               Language. Language-Experience-Approach.  Language-of-
               Instruction. Native-Language-Instruction.  Teacher-
Subject Minor: Elementary-Secondary-Education.
Identifiers:   Northern-Native-Language-Project.  Ontario

Author:        Osaji, Bede
Title:         Language Survey in Nigeria. Publication B-81.
Author Affil.: Laval Univ., Quebec (Quebec). International Center for Research
               on Bilingualism.
Year:          1979
Language:      English
Pub. Type:     Research report
Note:          180p.
Pages:         180; 2
Avail. Level:  Available on microfiche
Abstract:      The languages of Nigeria and language usage in that country are
               discussed in a study designed to illustrate the need for a
               Nigerian lingua franca. Extensive data are first presented on
               Nigerian languages and dialects, their classification, and
               their geographic distribution.  The remainder of the survey is
               devoted to a sociolinguistic study of language needs in
               Nigeria.  The pedagogical advantages of fostering a nationwide
               native language are balanced against the desirability of
               bringing about language uniformity in the context of bilingual
               education.  A discussion of the notion of lingua franca bridges
               reports on Pidgin English (which is viewed as the unofficial
               lingua franca of Nigeria) and Hausa (a language of imposition
               which can be effectively developed as the most desirable
               Nigerian lingua franca).  (JB)
Subject Major: African-Languages.  Hausa.  Language-Planning.  Language-
               Standardization. Multilingualism.
Subject Minor: Bilingual-Education.  Dialects.  Dialect-Studies. Language-
               Classification.  Language-Instruction.  Language-Research.
               Needs-Assessment.  Sociolinguistics.  Surveys
Identifiers:   Lingua-Francas.  Native-Language.  Nigeria.  Pidgin-English

Author:        Carruthers, J. B.
Title:         Language Survey of Entering Primary Students (Rural
Author Affil.: Alaska State Dept. of Education, Juneau. Office of Planning and
Year:          1970
Note:          13p.
Pages:         13; 1
Avail. Level:  Available on microfiche
Abstract:      With the cooperation of the Alaska state-operated schools and
               the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), a study of language
               capabilities of entering primary students was accomplished. 
               Some 175 rural schools were contacted, and replies were
               received from 96 schools--a 55% response rate, of which 38
               (35%) were received from state-operated schools and 58 (87%)
               were received from BIA schools.  Using a special form, the
               teachers in responding schools were asked for language
               information about entering primary students.  (Students
               repeating the grade were excluded.) Information was collected
               on language used by students in the classroom and on the
               playground, and in the home by parents.  Language used in the
               classroom was broken into categories: speaks no English (5.5%),
               speaks only single English words (13.7%), speaks English in no
               more than phrases (19.4%), speaks English in complete sentences
               (61.5%).  Data on language spoken by students on the playground
               showed that 59.9% spoke English, 27.9% spoke a native language,
               and 11.9% were bilingual.  Data on language spoken by parents
               showed that 41.0% spoke English, 28.4% spoke a native language,
               and 30.1% were bilingual.  Marked differences were found
               between BIA and state-operated schools.  Based on the survey,
               it is generalized that bilingual programs in Alaska are
               necessary.  Eleven tables and a sample of the data-collection
               form are included.  (AL)
Subject Major: American-Indians.  Bilingualism.  Elementary-School-Students.
               Language-Usage.  Rural-Schools.
Subject Minor: Eskimos.  Primary-Education.  Program-Development.  School-
               Surveys. Student-Needs
Identifiers:   Alaska

Title:         Language Census Report for California Public Schools,
Author Affil.: California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Office of
               Program Evaluation and Research.
Year:          1989
Language:      English
Pub. Type:     Statistical material;  Legal material
Note:          30p.
Pages:         30; 1
Avail. Level:  Available on microfiche
Report No.:    ISBN 0801108438;
Govt. Status:  State
Abstract:      Data on California public school enrollments and staff relating
               to minority languages are presented in tabular and map
               distribution form, with some summary narrative.  Tables
               include: (1) trends in number of limited-English-proficient
               (LEP) students by county since from 1985-89; (2) number of LEP
               students by county and grade, 1989; (3) LEP students as a
               percentage of total enrollment, 1981-85; (4) number of fluent-
               English-proficient students (FEP) by county and grade, 1989;
               (5) number of LEP students by county and language; (6) trends
               in number of LEP students by language, 1985-89; (7) number of
               LEP students by grade and language, 1989; (8) number of LEP and
               FEP students by language, 1989; (9) number of LEP students in
               bilingual instructional programs, 1989; (10) number of schools
               using state-approved oral language assessment instruments for
               initial LEP identification, 1989; (11) number of LEP students
               and redesignated LEP students, 1981-89; (12) number of
               bilingual staff members by county and classification, 1989; and
               (13) number of bilingual staff members by language and
               classification.  Maps show concentrations of LEP students in
               general, by district, 1989, and by primary language (Spanish,
               Vietnamese, Cantonese, Cambodian, and Pilipino).  Sections of
               the education code relating to the language   
               census are appended.  (MSE)
Subject Major: Bilingual-Education-Programs.  Bilingual-Teachers.  Enrollment-
               Trends. Limited-English-Speaking.
Subject Minor: Bilingual-Teacher-Aides.  Cambodian.  Census-Figures.  Chinese.
               Geographic-Distribution.  Maps.  Public-Schools.  Spanish.
               State-Surveys.  Tagalog.  Trend-Analysis.  Uncommonly-Taught-
               Languages. Vietnamese
Identifiers:   California

Author:        Cotera, Augustus S.;  And Others
Title:         Progress Report: Access and Persistence of Minority Students in
               the Arizona Universities.
Author Affil.: Arizona Board of Regents, Phoenix.
Year:          1988
Language:      English
Pub. Type:     Statistical material
Note:          56p.; In "The Arizona Board of Regents' Task Force on
               Excellence, Efficiency, and Competitiveness. Final Report and
               Working Papers." Volume One. For Volumes One and Two, see HE
               022 446-447. For individual working papers, see HE 022 448-480
               and HE 022 482-501.
Pages:         56; 1
Avail. Level:  Available on microfiche
Abstract:      One of the working papers in the final report of the Arizona
               Board of Regents' Task Force on Excellence, Efficiency and
               Competitiveness, this report presents statistical information
               on the progress of minority student access and persistence in
               the three Arizona Universities, Arizona's community colleges,
               and the Arizona Department of Education. Statistics for the
               colleges include headcount enrollment by ethnicity, bachelor's
               degrees awarded by ethnicity, student financial assistance,
               ethnic student financial assistance, faculty by ethnicity, new
               undergraduate students (withdrawals, persistence, and
               graduation), full-time student enrollment, student credit hours
               enrolled, enrollment by ethnic background by county, academic
               degrees by county, and headcount enrollment by age
               distribution.  Arizona Department of Education statistics
               include language census and program report (primary home
               language), percentile rank in reading comprehension, reading
               comprehension subtest results by primary home language, Limited
               English Proficient (LEP) programs, summary of participation by
               school districts, and standardized test scores.  (SM)
Subject Major: Academic-Persistence.  Access-to-Education.  Minority-Groups.
Subject Minor: American-Indians.  Asian-Americans.  Bilingualism.  Blacks.
               College-Faculty.  College-Students.  Community-Colleges.
               Comparative-Analysis.  Competition.  Demography.  Educational-
               Quality. Efficiency.  Enrollment-Trends.  Excellence-in-
               Education. Higher-Education.  Hispanic-Americans.  Public-
               Colleges. Student-Financial-Aid.  Undergraduate-Study
Identifiers:   Arizona.  Arizona-State-University. Arizona-Task-Force-on-
               Excellence-Efficiency-Compet. Northern-Arizona-University. 

Author:        Leap, William
Title:         American Indian Language Education.
Author Affil.: National Center for Bilingual Research, Los Alamitos, Calif.
Sponsor:       National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Year:          1981
Language:      English
Pub. Type:     Review literature
Note:          166p.; Cooperative Agreement 00-CA-80-0001.
Pages:         166; 2
Avail. Level:  Available on microfiche
Abstract:      Prepared for the National Center for Bilingual Research, the
               document provides information on the "state of the art" in
               American Indian language education and presents a full picture
               of the situation exploring concepts (e.g., self-determination,
               Indian language diversity) and concerns (e.g., tribal
               reluctance to see Indian language instruction used
               indiscriminately for schooling-related purposes).  Topics
               discussed in the five chapter paper include: Indian education
               as an equal opportunity issue (such as tribal self-
               determination and tribally controlled education); definition of
               American Indians (usage of Native American or American Indians,
               state, federal, and self-identified); Indian language fluency
               as an issue in Indian education; local responses to language
               needs in Indian education (pertaining to the Bureau of Indian
               Affairs, implementing Indian language arts programs,
               certification of Indian teachers, and federal responsibilities
               in Indian Education); and research needs in Indian language
               education (descriptive studies, language census issues,
               English language arts needs, legislation and policy
               implications).  Appendices record statements of needs and
               priorities in Indian language education.  A 62-item unannotated
               bibliography concludes the document.  (ERB)
Subject Major: American-Indian-Education.  American-Indian-Languages.
               Educational-Assessment.  Federal-Indian-Relationship. 
               Language-Role. Second-Language-Programs.
Subject Minor: American-Indians.  Bilingual-Education.  Elementary-Secondary-
               Education. English-Second-Language.  Language-Proficiency. 
               Language-Research. Native-Language-Instruction.  Program-
               Implementation.  Staff-Development. Tribes
Identifiers:   American-Indian-History
Harold F. Schiffman, Last update: 10/27/96.