Next: Origin Theories
Up: Pidgin and Creole
- 6 million in Caribbean & W. Africa (Sierra Leone, other Portuguese Creole)
- 3 million in S. Africa (Afrikaans?)
- English-based Creoles in Africa, W. Indies, Netherlands Antilles (Sranan
Saramaccan 88,000 in Surinam); Gullah (Georgia, S. Carolina offshore islands)
Neo-Melanesian (New Guinea) may be undergoing Creolization; Hawaii (H.
`pidgin' is really Creole).
- Dutch Cr: Negerhollands (Virgin Isl), Afrikaans, ...
- Spanish, Portuguese-based Crl: Asia, Cap Verde, São Tomé, Papiamento
(Curaçao) became Dutch territory in 1634 so now much relexification with
Dutch, English, Portuguese/Spanish vocabulary. Hard to keep Sp/Portuguese C/P's apart,
since borrowing is often inaccurate. Many Pidgin(s)/Creole(s) have a lexical item similar
to English `piccaninny' (`child') which comes either from Spanish `pequeño
niño' or from Portuguese `pequen(o) ninho' but how can we tell which?
Tue Mar 25 08:54:40 EST 1997