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One popular polygenetic theory: Baby Talk: the masters,
merchants and plantations owners spoke baby talk to the slaves, who imitated
this and spoke it back to the masters, who spoke it back to the slaves, etc.
- Monogenesis: All Pidgin(s)/Creole(s) are historically descended from European,
probably Portuguese pidgins (Sabir). This ``explains" all the similarities:
vocabulary was orig. Portuguese, got relexified in time with new vocab
in other Pidgin(s)/Creole(s). ``Relexification" means vocabulary can be almost totally
replaced with new vocab from another donor language, or perhaps relexified
with later ``standard" loans from the same donor language.
- Polygenetic: There are separate processes of development, but the
various different kinds are sort of ``dialects" of an overall system.
- Or: are there pidgin and creole ``dialects" of English, French,
- Or: are there structural similarities because of ``linguistic
- Universalist hypothesis: Doesn't matter whether the origins are
monogenetic or polygenetic, the similarities result when the donor languages
are ``stripped bare" and the languages are built up again according to the
principles of ``linguistic universals".
Tue Mar 25 08:54:40 EST 1997