Charts of variables, New York
- The following table shows variability of post-vocalic /r/
in New York City
speech. The settings range from A to D', with D' being the most
'formal' and A the least formal. In the most formal settings, /r/ is
pronounced much more often. Note how speakers of 'lower-middle-class'
groups exceed and surpass other groups in their overcompensation on this
variable, ending up as the highest group at the end.
- The following table showing the decreasing use of the /th/ variable
from high use on the left end of the scale to
use, i.e. merger with /t/, on the