ClSt / ComL 200:
An Outline of Ovid’s Fasti, Books 1-4



Book 1
	Introduction (lines 1-62)
		dedication to Germanicus Caesar
		Romulus’ organization of the calendar
	January 1 (lines 63-294)
		Janus’ day
			origins and functions
			description of early Rome
	January 3 (lines 295-314)
		the setting of constellation of the crab
	January 5 (lines 315-316)
		the Nones and rain
	January 9 (lines 317-458)
		Agonal Day and sacrifice to Janus
			origins of the name
			sacrifices
			explanation of ass sacrificed to Priapus
			setting of the constellation of the dolphin
	January 10 (lines 459-460)
		the turning point of winter
	January 11 (lines 461-586)
		rites for Arcadian Carmenta
			arrival of Evander and his mother, Carmenta, at the site of Rome
				Carmenta’s prophecy of the future of Rome
			Hercules and the stealing of his cattle by Cacus
	January 13 (lines 587-616)
		the Ides and sacrifice to Jupiter
		restoration of power to people
		title of “Augustus” given to Octavian/Augustus
		other famous Romans
		connection of “Augustus” with augury; oak-leaf crown on his doors
	January 15 (lines 617-636)
		more rites for Carmenta
			explanation of them and some archaic epithets
	January 16 (lines 637-650)
		foundation of Temple of Concord: by Camillus and, in A.D. 10, by 
Tiberius
	January 17 (lines 651-652)
		Sun leave Capricorn for Aquarius
	January 23 (lines 653-654)
		setting of lyre
	January 24 (lines 655-704)
		setting of Leo’s chest
		discussion of the movable Sowing Day
			sacrifices to Earth and Ceres
			the benefits of peace
	January 27 (lines 705-708)
		dedication of the Temple of Castor and Pollux: again in A.D. 6 by 
Tiberius and his 	
	   brother Drusus
	January 30 (lines 709-722)
		dedication of the Altar of Peace (Ara Pacis Augustae)
		benefits of Peace
	Epilogue (lines 723-724)

Book 2
	Introduction (lines 1-54)
		the origins of the word and connection with purification
	February 1 (lines 55-72)
		Juno’s temple reportedly founded
			Augustus as rebuilder of temples
		sacrifices at the temples of Vesta, the Capitoline Thunderer, Jupiter’s 
high 		
	   stronghold
	February 2 (lines 73-78)
		absence of Lyre and setting of Leo’s back
	February 3 (lines 79-118)
		setting of the dolphin
			the story of Arion the poet and singer
	February 5 (lines 119-148)
		Augustus given the title “Father of his Country” (pater patriae)
			Augustus and Romulus compared
		Aquarius half visible and Ganymede visible
		arrival of warmer winds
	February 10 (lines 149-152)
		beginning of Spring
	February 12 (lines 153-192)
		arrival of the Bear Keeper
			the story of Callisto
	February 13 (lines 193-242)
		the Ides
		the destruction of most of the Fabian Family at Veii
	February 14 (lines 243-266)
		rising of the Raven, Snake, Bowl
		their story
	February 15 (lines 267-474)
		the Lupercal and Faunus ritual
		Origins: Arcadian worship of Pan
			  Faunus’ aversion to clothes and his encounter with Hercules and 
Omphale
			  Romulus and Remus defeat raiders, a Latin origin
		Romulus and Remus’ birth, exposure, and nurturing by the she-wolf
		fertility and the Rape of the Sabine Women
		the story of the constellation Pisces
	February 17 (lines 475-532)
		Quirinus’ day
			the apotheosis of Romulus
			his appearance to Julius Proculus
		explanation of “Feast of Fools”
	February 21 (lines 533-616)
		the Feralia, the last day of the Parentalia: appeasement of the dead
			the Mute Goddess: the story of Juturna and Lara
	February 22 (lines 617-638)
		the Caristia
			(note refs. to Tantulus, Medea, Ino, Procne, her sister, and Tereus)
			presence of Concord, sacrifice to Lares
			toast to Augustus
	February 23 (lines 639-684)
		rituals for Terminus
			Terminus refuses to leave when the new temple for Jupiter is built
		sacrifice to Terminus 6 miles from the city
	February 24 (lines 685-856)
		the story of Tarquin the Proud (Tarquinius Superbus), Lucretia, the end 
of the 	
	   monarchy, and the beginning of the Republic
		the arrival of the first swallow (ref. to Procne and Tereus)
	February 27 (lines 857-862)
		the Equirria: races on the Field of Mars (Campus Martius)
	Epilogue (lines 863-864)

Book 3
	Introduction (lines 1-166)
		Mars impregnates Silvia
		exposure of Romulus and Remus
		Romulus organizes the calendar
		changes to the calendar by Numa (the second king)
		changes to the calendar by Julius Caesar
	March 1 (lines 167-498)
		festival of Mars
			the war between the Roman and the Sabines averted by the formerly 
Sabine, 
			   now Roman women
			explanation of the Leaping Priests
				the story of Numa, Picus, Faunus, and Jupiter
				role of Mamurus
	March 3 (lines 399-402)
		setting of one of the fishes
	March 5 (lines 403-414)
		setting of the Bear Keeper or lazy Bootes
		the story of Bacchus and Ampelos
	March 6 (lines 415-428)
		in honour of Vesta
		Augustus becomes chief high-priest (Pontifex Maximus)
	March 7 (lines 429-458)
		the Nones and consecration of temple of Vejovis
		explanation of the name of the god
		neck of Pegasus visible
			Pegasus’ story
	March 8 (lines 459-516)
		appearance of Ariadne’s crown
		the story of Ariadne and Bacchus
	March 14 (lines 517-522)
		the second Equirria
	March 15 (lines 523-710)
		the Ides
			festival of Anna Perrena
				the story of Anna, Dido’s sister, and Aeneas
				other Annas, including an old woman from Bovillae
				the story of Mars, Anna and Minerva
			the assassination of Julius Caesar
	March 16 (lines 711-712)
		front half of Scorpio visible
	March 17 (lines 713-808)
		festival of Bacchus, also called Liber
			explanations “libations”, “libation cakes” and sacrifices of honey
		explanation of the “liberal” toga
		procession to the Argei
		Kite Star becomes visible
			its story
	March 19-22 (lines 809-848)
		Minerva’s festival (note refs. to Ajax’s shield and the Trojan Horse)
		explanation of temple of Capta Minerva
	March 23 (lines 849-876)
		the last day of Minerva’s festival 
		the story of Phrixus, Helle, and the origin of the Golden Fleece
	March 26 (lines 877-878)
		the vernal equinox
	March 30 (lines 879-882)
		worship of Janus, Concord, Roman Security, the Altar of Peace
	March 31 (lines -883-884)
		the end of the month and worship of the Moon

Book 4
	Introduction (lines 1-132)
		the ancestry of Aeneas and Romulus (and Augustus, see lines 123-124)
		Greeks in Italy
		the powers of Venus
	April 1 (lines 133-164)
		worship of Venus
		worship of Manly Fortune
		scorpion descends from view
	April 2 (lines 165-178)
		the appearance of the Pleiades
		their stories
	April 4 (lines 179-372)
		the festival of Cybele, the Mother of the Gods, or the Megalensia
			the childhood of Jupiter
			the story of Attis
			the arrival of Cybele at Rome
				the story of Claudia Qunita
			temples built by Augustus and earlier Metellus
			other aspects of the festival
	April 5 (lines 373-376)
		consecration of the temple of Public Fortune
	April 6 (lines 377-386)
		Caesar won defeated Juba and Lucius Scipio at Thapsus in 46 B.C.
		rain brought by Libra, the scales
	April 9 (lines 387-388)
		the last day of the festival
		Orion sinks into the ocean
	April 10 (lines 389-392)
		races in the Circus

	April 11-12 (lines 393-620)
		shows for Ceres
		the benefits of Ceres
		the Rape of Proserpina
			Proserpina abducted from Sicily
			Ceres’ wanderings
			her arrival at Celeus’ farm, now Eleusis
			the healing of Triptolemus and attempt to make him immortal
			Sun tells Ceres what happened to Proserpina
			Ceres and Jupiter exchange words
			Ceres threatens to leave Olympus for Underworld
			Proserpina spends 1/2 of year in Olympus and Underworld
	April 13 (lines 621-624)
		the Ides
		foundation of temple of Jupiter Victorious and Hall of Liberty
	April 14 (lines 625-628)
		Augustus broke Antony’s siege at Modena in 43 B.C.
	April 15 (lines 629-672)
		sacrifice of brood cow
		the story of Numa and the original sacrifice
	April 16 (lines 673-676)
		Venus hastens the day so Augustus can more quickly gain the title 
Imperator in 43 	
	   B.C.
	April 17 (lines 677-678)
		the Hyades enter Ocean
	April 19 (lines 679-712)
		horse races in the Circus
		the story of the foxes of Carseoli
	April 20 (lines 713-720)
		Sun leaves ram (note ref. to Memnon)
		appearance of front part of either Europa’s Bull or Io the cow
	April 21 (lines 721-862)
		the Parilia: sacrifices to Pales
			description of the customs
			various origins
			the foundation of the walls of Rome by Romulus and the death of Remus
	April 23 (lines 863-900)
		the Vinalia: the worship of Venus Erycina
		removal of Venus from Eryx to Rome by Marcellus in 212 B.C.; he 
conquers Sicily
		the connection of the day also with Jupiter
			the story of Aeneas, Turnus the Rutulian, and Mezentius the Etruscan
	April 25 (lines 901-942)
		the Robigalia: the festival of Rough Rust
			explanation of offering of dog’s guts
	April 28 (lines 943-954)
		the start of the Floralia: the festival of Flora
		Vesta’s day
		her reception with Apollo in palace of Augustus
		(note ref. to laurels of the Palatine and oak-leaf cluster; also 
Tithonus)

Back to the directory of online resources or to the top of the course home page.