RelSt 999: Philo (Fall 2003) & his Scriptures (Spring 2004)
Robert A. Kraft
Significant web sites and related course project pages:
- Roberto Radice and David Runia, Philo of Alexandria: an Annotated Bibliography
1937-1986, Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 8 (Brill 1988), xl + 471
pp. (1992 2nd edition, unaltered except additional foreword)
- David Runia, Philo of Alexandria: an Annotated Bibliography 1987-96
Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 57 (Brill 2000), xxii + 412 pp.
Philo Bibliography Project (with a provisional
online bibliography 1998-2000)
- Emile Bréhier, "Philo
Judaeus" in the Catholic Encyclopedia (1911) -- somewhat dated
in some aspects but by a recognized student of Philonic thought (see his Les
Idées Philosophiques et Religieuses de Philon d'Alexandrie [Paris
- unattributed, "Philo
of Alexandria" in the online Early Church site -- focuses on Christian
connections, depends heavily on Thomas Tobin, The Creation of Man: Philo
And The History of Interpretation. The Catholic Biblical Quarterly Monograph
Series 14. (Washington, DC: The Catholic Biblical Association of America,
- Marian Hillar, "Philo
of Alexandria" in The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
(2001) -- extensive and detailed treatment of Philo and his ideas (recommended).
- David T. Runia, "Philo,
Alexandrian and Jew," pp 1-18 in Runia's Exegesis and Philosophy:
Studies on Philo of Alexandria (Variorum, Aldershot, 1990) (excellent
- Samuel Sandmel, Philo of Alexandria: An Introduction. Oxford: Oxford
Univesity Press, 1979 (an excellent introductory treatment).
- E. R. Goodenough, Introduction to Philo Judaeus (2d ed. 1963) (somewhat
- H. A. Wolfson, Philo (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press,
1947), 2 vols. (advanced).
Editions (texts and translations) and tools:
- Leopold Cohn et Paul Wendland, Philonis Alexandrini Opera Quae Supersunt;
6 vols. plus indices by Leisegang (Berlin: Walther de Gruyter & Co. 1896-1930)
[Greek text, critical edition; used for the TLG files]
- F. H. Colson and G. H. Whitaker, eds., The Works of Philo ( Loeb
Classical Library; Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press / London: William
Heinemann, 1929-1953), vols. 1-10 (Greek and English), plus two supplementary
volumes ed Ralph Marcus, containing translations of works of Philo available
mainly in Armenian.
Works of Philo. Complete and Unabridged. Translated (1854-55) by Charles
New Updated Edition (Hedrickson 1993).
- P. Borgen, K. Fuglseth and R. Skarsten, The Philo Index: A Complete Greek
Word Index to the Writings of Philo of Alexandria, 2nd edition (Brill
Readings (see above, Works of Philo translated by Yonge for full texts)
relating to Philo and his approaches to interpretation
- Eusebius on Jewish interpretation (Preparation for the Gospel
- Eusebius on Philo (Ecclesiastical History 2.16-18)
- Philo, Migration of Abraham 89-93 (on ancestral customs and their
- Philo, On the Cherubim 40-49 (birth of Cain, God as begetter
- Scriptural Exposition
- Deeper Allegorical Readings of Scriptures
- Non-scriptural Thematic and "Philosophical" Treatises
- Philo on Contemporary Issues (Flaccus, Gaius Caligula, Apologia)
- Against Flaccus
- Embassy to Gaius
- see also above, Apology or Hypothetica (fragments)
Philo's Use of Scriptural and Other Sources:
- Herbert Edward Ryle, PHILO AND HOLY SCRIPTURE, or, THE QUOTATIONS OF
PHILO FROM THE BOOKS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT (Macmillan 1895; reprints still
available); see especially the introductory
sections. Note: Ryle predates the critical edition of Philo by Cohn and
Wendland, thus his section references follow the older divisions; he also
predates the Cambridge and the Goettingen LXX/OG editions, and thus needs
- Peter Katz (Walters), Philo's Bible: the Aberrant Text of Bible Quotations
in some Philonic Writings and its Place in the Textual History of the Greek
Bible (Cambridge University Press 1950); some of this material will also
be useful in updating Ryle.
Also of Special Interest:
- Lester Grabbe, Etymology in Early Jewish Interpretation: the Hebrew Names
in Philo, Brown Judaic Series 115 (Atlanta: Scholars 1988).
- C. K.Wong, "Philo's
Use of Caldaioi" (1990)
"But as we group the instances and the pattern of usage of
Cald. we see an interesting phenomenon. Philo uses all three senses
in works which are generally called the expositions of the law but he does
not use the word Cald. to designate a Hebrew person
(sense 3) in the allegorical works."
- Robert A. Kraft, "Philo's
Treatment of the Number Seven in On Creation."
- Katherine G. Evans, "Alexander
the Alabarch: Roman and Jew" (summary of a presentation to the SBL
Philo Group in 1995; deals with Philo's brother and the larger family)
- Robert A. Kraft, "Philo
and the Sabbath Crisis: Alexandrian Jewish Politics and the Dating of
Philo's Works." Pp. 131-41 in THE FUTURE OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY: ESSAYS
IN HONOR OF HELMUT KOESTER. Ed. Birger A. Pearson et al. Minneapolis:
- Robert A. Kraft, "Tiberius
Julius Alexander and the Crisis in Alexandria according to Josephus."
Pp. 175-84 in OF SCRIBES AND SCROLLS: STUDIES ON THE HEBREW BIBLE, INTERTESTAMENTAL
JUDAISM, AND CHRISTIAN ORIGINS; presented to John Strugnell on the occasion
of his sixtieth birthday. Ed. Harold W. Attridge et al. College Theological
Society Resources in Religion 5; New York: University Press of America, 1991.