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Dative Case

This case marker is used when a verb has a noun toward which motion is expressed; it is used to indicate possession (expressed in many other languages by a verb meaning `have'), and is also used to indicate which thing or person is the indirect object or benefactor of some act. Finally it is used with certain stative and/or defective verbs (i.e. verbs which cannot be marked for PNG except 3rd person neuter, cf. 3.80) to indicate who or what is the subject.

Thus to indicate possession, Tamil uses a dative case and the verb iru `be (located)':

To indicate subject-hood of various stative verbs such as `like' pidi, `know' ׻ teri, `understand' puri, `be available' ״׹ kede, `want' veenum, etc. the dative case is attached to the subject and the stative verb appears in the third person singular (3psg).



Harold_F.Schiffman