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Postpositions

For certain notions expressed in English by prepositions, Tamil case endings are not sufficient. Instead, additional `postpositions' are added after the case marker. For all practical purposes, these are not suffixes, but separate free forms.
شԿէ kooyil `temple' + ˡ -ukku `dative case marker ' + pakkattle `near' شԿ kooyilukku pakkattle `near the temple'.

Different postpositions take different case markers and do not seem to be very predictable (some even take more than one case-marker, with different meanings; some even follow the nominative.) The reason for this may be that many postpositions seem to be derived historically from verbs, so that the case marker which occurs with them is governed by some semantic or syntactic properties of the original verb. Others are derived from nouns, and have an `adjectival' relationship with the rest of the clause. (cf. section 2.1.4)





Harold_F.Schiffman