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׻ tole impatience, disgust.

This verb is related to the lexical verbs ׻ tole 2 intr `come to an end, die, be ruined' and ׻ tole 6b tr, `finish, exhaust, destroy, kill, rout'. There is a nominalization of this verb ׻ԧ tolle , which means `trouble, care, vexation, perplexity'. The use of the AV ׻ tole expresses the speaker's impatience or even disgust with another person's actions, and in some cases, even their general personal attributes. In English this would also often be translated by some expletive, or pejorative adjective (`the dumb kid', `the rotten bastard').The intransitive ׻ tole is usually used with intransitive verbs, and probably originally the transitive was used only with transitive main verbs. But now transitive ׻ tole may occur with intransitive main verbs as well; there is variability according to dialect. Even though this AV expresses impatience and disgust and must be used with caution, it does not necessarily express lack of respect, since it may be used by wives to husbands, with politeness markers. When so used, the antipathy is toward the event rather than the person.



Vasu Renganathan
Sat Nov 2 21:16:08 EST 1996