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The aspectual verb ش koo.

One of the most complex of the Tamil aspectual verb is ش koo, derived from the lexical verb ״Ԫ kol- which means `hold, contain'. In LT lexical ״Ԫ kol occurs usually with neuter subjects, i.e. sentences in which some thing holds or contains some thing, not some one. Lexical ״Ԫ koo does occur as an AVP with verbs of motion ؽ poo `go' and vaa `come', and the combination ״ؽ kondupoo and ״ konduvaa mean `take (something)' (i.e. `hold and go') and `bring (something)' (i.e. `hold and come') respectively. Since lexical ״Ԫ kol is a class I verb, with present Ũ koreen,The short /o/ in many forms of this morpheme is actually phonetically [ '025 ], i.e. Ũ koreen is [k '025 r], etc. past եع kitteen, and future ״¨ koveen, these are also the forms for aspectual ش koo. Its AVP is ե kittu. The phonology of the spoken form of this AV is much more different from its LT counterpart than could be predicted by regular historical or morphophonemic rules, and moreover varies tremendously from dialect to dialect; in some dialects there is a present form Ũ kidreen and infinitive չ kida that are back-formations from the past ե kittu.The extreme variability of the phonology of this AV bespeaks a radical departure of some sort that are one of the symptoms of the process of grammaticalization.





Vasu Renganathan
Sat Nov 2 21:16:08 EST 1996