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Aspectual distinctions

The aspectual verb ش koo can provide a number of aspectual distinctions to a sentence. Traditionally (Arden 1942:282ff.) it is referred to as a `reflexive' verb, but this is hardly the best analysis of its meaning. Some of the notions provided by aspectual ش koo are:

  1. Self-affective or self-benefactive action.E. Annamalai refers to this verb as `ego-benefactive.' Many of the examples of aspect (which he refers to as verbal extension), are taken from his 1985 book on the subject, but converted from LT to ST.

  2. Simultaneous action: one action occurring together with another action; sometimes these actions are wholly coterminous, but at other times it merely states that some portion of the time of the two actions overlapped.

  3. Completive aspect: indicates that an action is, has been, or will be definite and complete(d).

  4. Inchoative vs. Punctual. ش koo is used with a number of stative verbs to indicate that a state has begun or been entered into.

  5. Purposeful vs. accidental. The action was purposeful and volitional; or, (paradoxically) the action was accidental. This can only be judged by what would be considered culturally appropriate.

  6. Lexicalization. Sometimes ش koo has only marginal lexical or aspectual value of its own, and is attached to verb stems which no longer occur alone as bare stems.

Vasu Renganathan
Sat Nov 2 21:16:08 EST 1996