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Tamil can make adjectives from nouns by various processes. One is to take the
OBLIQUE form of nouns (those that have them) and prepose it to the noun
- ¾À£ maram `wood, tree' --> ¾À¢â
marattu `wooden' + Ø¾×¶ meese `table'
--> ¾À¢â Ø¾×¶ `wooden table'.
- ÂÖà viidu `house' --> ÂÖ¥à viittu + ´ÔÀ¨
kaaran `one who does s.t.' -->
ÂÖ¥à´ÔÀ¨ viittukaaran `landlord; husband'
Other nouns can be prefixed to nouns to form new nouns:
- ×½Ôýá ponnu `girl' + ½Õª×Ä pillai `child' -->
×½Ô£½Õª×Ä pombille `female, woman; girl'.
- äöÓ»´£ pustaham `book' + ¼ÕÙÁ¿£ nilayam `place'
--> äöÓ»´¼ÕÙÁ¿£ pustahanilayam `library'.
- ãÚ§ nuul `book' + Ç´£ aham `home' -->
ãÚÁ´£ nuulaham `library, bookstore'.
Note that in the examples above, the last one ãÚÁ´£ nuulaham has
superceded the previous one as the `official' word for a library; its
component parts were not in use in ST, but were borrowed from older forms of
Harold F. Schiffman