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Negative simultaneity: Vb ׾ -aame Vb.

The simultaneous negative is formed by adding the suffix ׾ -aame `without' to the infinitive forming the so-called `negative adverbial participle'. It simply means `without verb-ing'; cf. § 6.522.LT has two forms, Ⱦ aamal, and پ aamai, which by various changes and deletions, come out the same in ST, pronounced [a '161 m]. Used with another finite verb, the notion is `do Vb without doing Vb'.

As these examples above, the subject of the two verbs is the the same. However, if it is not, a causal relationship is implied:

׾ Ԩ ؽƨ avaru varaame, naan pooneen `Since he didn't come, I left'

In this example there are two different subjects, avaru and ¨ avan; consequently, there is a cause-and-effect relationship implied: `A doing Vb resulted in B doing Vb'. When ׾ -aame is used with two non-coreferential subjects (the two subjects are NOT identical), ׾ -aame forms are synonymous with Ȼ -aadadanaale forms. That is, the following is synonymous with the immediately previous example:

Ի Ԩ ؽƨ avaru varaatatanaale, naan pooneen `since he didn't come, I left'

Further discussion of Ȼ -aatatanaale forms can be found in § 6.14.





Harold_F.Schiffman