Negative result clauses are formed by taking the verbal noun, e.g., Ø½¶ÕÆâ peesinadu and adding the instrumental ÇÆÔ×Á anaale which translates as `since, because, as a result'. The positive forms occur with either the past or non-past verbal nouns.
ÇÂç Ø½¶ÕÆ»ÆÔ×Á, ¼Ô¨ Ø½Ô´§×Á avaru peesinadanaale, naan poohalle `Because he was to speak, I didn't go'
The negative result clause is formed the same way, except that the NEGATIVE verbal noun is used:
ÂÀÔ»â + ÇÆÔ×Á varaadadu + anaale ÂÀÔ»»ÆÔ×Á varaadadnaale `since (it) did not come'.The negative verbal noun is tenseless, like all good negatives in Tamil; it is formed by taking the infinitive and adding È¢ -aat- + Çâ -adu:
ÂÀ var(a) `come' + È¢ aat- (neg.) + Çâ -atu ÂÀÔ»â varaad-adu 'that which does not come'.
This is true for all verbs except Éç iru which has É§§ ill- as the stem instead, i.e., É§ÁÔ»â illaat-atu `That which is not'. The negative result form of Éç iru is thus É§ÁÔ»»ÆÔ×Á illaad-ad-anaale `as a result of not being' or `since there wasn't (something)'.
Note that this negative, like all other negatives, is formed with the infinitive base: with deletion of Ç a before Èâ aadu.
Therefore, the formation of the negative result clause involves taking the infinitive, adding Èâ aadu, then deleting one Ë u; then add Çâ adu and delete Ë u; then add ÇÆÔ×Á anaale.
ÂÀ + Èâ + Çâ + ÇÆÔ×Á vara + aadu + adu + anaale ÂÀÔ»»ÆÔ×Á varaadadanaale `since (s.o.) didn't/wasn't coming'