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Negative Result Clauses: Verbal Noun + anaale

Negative result clauses are formed by taking the verbal noun, e.g., ؽ peesinadu and adding the instrumental anaale which translates as `since, because, as a result'. The positive forms occur with either the past or non-past verbal nouns.

ؽƻ, Ԩ ؽԴ avaru peesinadanaale, naan poohalle `Because he was to speak, I didn't go'

The negative result clause is formed the same way, except that the NEGATIVE verbal noun is used:

Ի + varaadadu + anaale Ի varaadadnaale `since (it) did not come'.
The negative verbal noun is tenseless, like all good negatives in Tamil; it is formed by taking the infinitive and adding Ȣ -aat- + -adu:

var(a) `come' + Ȣ aat- (neg.) + -atu Ի varaad-adu 'that which does not come'.

This is true for all verbs except iru which has ɧ ill- as the stem instead, i.e., ɧԻ illaat-atu `That which is not'. The negative result form of iru is thus ɧԻ illaad-ad-anaale `as a result of not being' or `since there wasn't (something)'.

Note that this negative, like all other negatives, is formed with the infinitive base: with deletion of a before aadu.

Therefore, the formation of the negative result clause involves taking the infinitive, adding aadu, then deleting one u; then add adu and delete u; then add anaale.

+ + + vara + aadu + adu + anaale Ի varaadadanaale `since (s.o.) didn't/wasn't coming'