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Positive adjectival participles: past or present tense marker plus -a.

The adjectival participle (or AJP is formed by deleting PNG from the past or present tense marker and replacing it with adjectival -a.

Embedded before a noun phrase only, the adjectival participle is used in relative clause constructions in situations where English often uses lexical adjectives.See § on adjectives, chap. 5.

Note that the -a of the adjectival participle is syntactically equivalent to the RELATIVE PRONOUNS`which, that' of the relative clause in languages that have postposed relative clauses English. The -a in Tamil is always present, although the English equivalent may sometimes be deleted.

Adjectival participles can also be embedded before third person pronouns , ¨, (), (), adu, avan, ava(l), avanga(l), avaru with the meaning `He (etc.) who verb-s/ed.'

Often these third person pronouns are best translated with phrases like `the people who', `the thing which', `the man/woman who' rather than literally. Since they are noun phrases, they can take case and postpositions, other adjectives, and can be subjected to all the normal rules governing noun phrases.

Note that relatave clauses formed with AJP's are embedded before other elements such as possessive pronouns, not after:

ؼ ͨ neettu vanda en tampi `My ygr.brother who came yesterday'

instead of *ͨ ؼ .



Harold_F.Schiffman