next up previous
Next: Verbal Nouns. Up: Adjectival participles. Previous: Positive adjectival participles:

Negative adjectival participle: Ȼ -aada.

A negative adjectival participle (NAJP) can be formed by affixing Ȼ aada to the infinitive of the verb. There are, obviously, no tense distinctions in the negative adjectival participle.

As with the positive adjectival participle, the negative participle can also be affixed with pronouns, as in the example above. The negative stem ɧ ill is used instead of iru. Just as ɧ׾ illaame often translates in English as `without (verb)ing' ɧԻ illaada often translates as `lacking (x), without (x)'.