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Verbal nouns (also called participial nouns) can be formed by suffixing
third person pronouns Çâ, ÇÂ¨, ÇÂ(ª), ÇÂõ´(ª), ÇÂç
adu, avan, ava(l), avanga(l), avaru to adjectival participles.
Verbal nouns can thus be either past or present, if positive, or they can
be negative, but without tense. Since they are nouns, they can also take case.
- ½Ô¢»+ Çâ paatta + adu ½Ô¢»â
paattadu `that which saw, was seen, the act of seeing'
- Âÿ»+ ÇÂõ´ vanta + avanga Âÿ»Âÿ´
vandavanga `the people who came'
- Ø½Ô´Ô»+Çâ poohaada + adu Ø½Ô´Ô»â
poohaadadu `that which did not go, the act of not going'
- É§ÁÔ»+ÇÂ¨ illaada + avan
É§ÁÔ»Â¨ illaadavan `he who is/was not'
Note that when Çâ adu is affixed, the meaning can be either
relative or factive. That is, Éç¡ÞÅâ irukkradu can either mean
`that which is' or `the act of being.' The verbal noun of the quotative verb
ý -n (see § 7.4) is regularly used in factive constructions.