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Negative conditional of iru.

The verb `be' iru, which is irregular in its negative (ɧ ille instead of the expected 紧 irukka-lle ), also has a negative conditional which uses the ɧ ill- as the verb stem to which the negative and conditional morphemes are added:
ɧԥ illaatttaa `if it is not...'

This often is equivalent semantically to English `otherwise' as in:

տ ؽ ɧԥ ؽޣ alamaariyle poodu. illaattaa, kaanju poohum. `Put it in the cupboard. Otherwise, it'll dry up.'

ɧԥ illaatttaa may also function as a marker of `disjunction' marker, i.e. `(either) this or that':

ġ ؽԴԣ; ɧԥ Լġ ؽԴ nii naalekki poohalaam; illaattaa naanaalekki poohanum `You may go tomorrow; or, you will have to go the next day.'



Harold_F.Schiffman