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The ultra polite/deferential doubt marker Ψ -een.

When Ψ -een (literally `why') is suffixed to a sentence in final position, the meaning is politeness with doubt and deference, and perhaps with a nuance of servility and/or obsequiousness. This is, of course, often used with caution or when great respect is being attempted. Compare:

Զ Ԩ ?
venkadaacalam ngravaru viidu idu- taan- ngal-aa?
Is this the house of the man called Venkadaacalam?

Զ Ԩ Ĩ?
venkadaacalam ngravaru viidu idu- taan- ngal-een?
Might this be the house of the man called Venkadaacalam, if you don't mind my asking?

Note that Ψ -een occupies the place of the clitics so if the question is interrogative, it replaces the normal clitic -aa.



Haorld_F.Schiffman