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`Echo-word' reduplication.

In Tamil, as in other South Asian languages, there is a kind of reduplication process which consists of taking a lexical item, e.g., puli `tiger' and following it with the same item reduplicated, except that the first CONSONANT AND VOWEL are replaced by the CV sequence ki-, e.g., puli ki-li. The meaning of this construction is `(Item) and other things like it'.

Note that if the vowel of the first item is a long one, the vowel in ki becomes kii. Note also that verbs can also be the `item' involved in the process, as in ؽԲ ֥ pooyttu kiittu etc. above.