- Haugen: Language planning has to do with constructing a normative
orthography, grammar and
dictionary for the guidance of writers and speakers in a
speech community." (Haugen LPMN, p. 673)
- Other foci: Distinguish between status planning vs.
language or variety
- planning for changes in status
- vs. planning changes in the corpus
of body of
the language: its grammar, syntax, orthography, etc.
- and educational
- Neustupný: Language planning is language
- Others: call it language management.
``The study of LANGUAGE PLANNING focuses on the
- decision-making that goes into determining what
language use is appropriate in particular speech communities.
- LP is concerned with how language can be conducted and interpreted
successfully in a speech community, given [its] goals ...
- The study
of LP looks at the choices available to a speech community and at possible
recommendations of language policy for adoption by that community. ...
- LP has to do with the way people's ideas about language are
- LP involves the gathering of data for making
decisions about ... language [and] with developing the technical tools for
choosing among alternative decisions. ...
- LP is necessarily
definitions: LP is the deliberate attempt to influence the
development/standardization of a language by
- making choices
in favor of one dialect or another of a
language, in printing, education,
legal status, religious usage, etc.
- legislating changes in the
morphology, lexicon, orthography, phonology of a language
inventing out of whole cloth a new language, or reviving a dead language,
or mixing forms from various languages/dialects: Esperanto, Hebrew and
Irish; Union Ibo.
last modified Oct. 24, 2001