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Next: Syntax of kitte Up: The Case System Previous: The dative case

Locative Case.

The locative case is used to express `location', `lack of motion', `containment in', and sometimes `means of transportation', e.g. bas-le `by bus'. The locative marker is -leIn LT the locative case marker is ɧ and many traditional grammarians prefer to think of le as derived from ɧ with an additional `emphatic' ee added. In actuality, if emphasis is desired in modern Tamil another ee must be added (e.g. viittleyee `right in the house'), so this cannot be taken be a real occurrence of emphatic ee. Since most semantically locative case markers, postpositions, points of the compass, and deictic pronouns ( ange `there' etc.) show this ee in modern ST, it should probably be taken as a marker of location, and not emphasis. with inanimate nouns and -kitte with animates. With animate nouns it means `in the possession of, or in/on the person of'.

Examples of inanimate Nouns:

  1. maram `tree' + -le marattu-le `in the tree'.

  2. aaru `river' + -le Ȣ aattu-le `in the river'.

  3. viidu `house' + -le ֥ viitt(u)le `in the house'.

  4. شԿէ kooyil `temple' + -le شԿէ kooyil-le `in the temple'.

  5. madure `Madurai' + -le madure-y-le `in Maturai'.

Examples of animate nouns with kitte ե׹:

  1. nari `fox' + kitte մե׹ nari-kitte `in the possession of the fox'.

  2. Ԩ naan `I' + kitte ͨե׹ en-kitte `I have' (on my person).