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The locative case is used to express
`location', `lack of motion', `containment in', and sometimes `means of
transportation', e.g. ½öÓ×Á bas-le `by bus'. The locative marker is
-leIn LT the locative case marker is É§ and many traditional
grammarians prefer to think of le as derived from É§ with an
additional `emphatic' ee Î added. In actuality, if emphasis is
desired in modern Tamil another ee must be added (e.g. viittleyee `right in the house'), so this cannot be taken be a real occurrence
of emphatic ee. Since most semantically locative case markers,
postpositions, points of the compass, and deictic pronouns ( ange `there'
etc.) show this ee in modern ST, it should probably be taken as a marker
of location, and not emphasis. with inanimate nouns and -kitte
with animates. With animate nouns it means `in the possession of, or in/on the
Examples of inanimate Nouns:
- ¾À£ maram `tree' + -le ¾À¢â×Á
marattu-le `in the tree'.
- Èì aaru `river' + -le È¢â×Á
aattu-le `in the river'.
- ÂÖà viidu `house' + -le
ÂÖ¥à×Á viitt(u)le `in the house'.
- Ø´Ô¿Õ§ kooyil `temple' + -le Ø´Ô¿Õ§×Á
kooyil-le `in the temple'.
- ¾âÙÀ madure `Madurai' + -le ¾âÙÀ×Á
madure-y-le `in Maturai'.
Examples of animate nouns with kitte ´Õ¥×¹:
- ¼ÀÕ nari `fox' + kitte
¼ÀÕ´Õ¥×¹ nari-kitte `in the possession of the fox'.
- ¼Ô¨ naan `I' + kitte Í¨´Õ¥×¹
en-kitte `I have' (on my person).