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Graul's Class II: Weak present/future, past.

As mentioned above, the Graul classification II has weak present and future markers, but nd and nj in the past. There are a number of different kinds of verbs in this class.

  1. Verbs whose imperative forms have long vowels, but have stem-alternants with short vowels when tense is marked.

  2. Verbs formed on the based of vaa `come':

  3. Intransitive verbs that have transitive analogs are numerous in this class. Many of these verbs end in vowels other than u, e.g. LT , ST e, i; their transitive analogs are members of class VI.

  4. Verbs that end in LT ai and and i (and ST e(y)), causing palatalization in the past marker; In our classification these are 3b:

  5. Verbs with final rhotics ( r sounds), which are deleted or otherwise changed before the past marker:

  6. Verbs belonging to Class I in LT, but showing nasal palatalization in the past in ST:


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Vasu Renganathan
Sat Nov 2 21:16:08 EST 1996