PSCO Presentation: 26 March, 2008

Panel Discussion: "Western Mediterranean"
Hagith Sivan (University of Kansas)
Paula Fredriksen (Boston University)
David Efroymson (La Salle University, Emeritus)

The fifth PSCO meeting is scheduled for Wednesday (not the usual Thursday), 26 March 2008, in the 2nd floor Lounge of Logan Hall at the University of Pennsylvania (36th St walkway, just north of Spruce Street).

This March meeting will focus on the western Mediterranean, especially Rome and North Africa. Our invited guests for opening remarks and observations based on their own research and experiences will be Hagith Sivan (University of Kansas), Paula Fredriksen (Boston University), and our own David Efroymson (La Salle University, Emeritus).


As usual, those wishing to dine together before the seminar will meet at 6:00 pm in the Logan Lounge to go next door to the food court in Houston Hall.

Recommended Readings: Western Mediterranean Jews, Christians, "Jewish Christians"

NB: This is material I hope to have reviewed before my 15 minutes of fame at the forthcoming PSCO. It is listed only in case one or another participant may have read one or another item and might want to discuss it. -Dave Efroymson


Becker, Adam H., and Annette Yoshiko Reed. The Ways That Never Parted: Jews and Christians in Late Antiquity . . . Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2003. Intro, 1-33, and Kraft, 87-94, on the 'model,' and Stökl Ben Ezra on Rome.

Skarsaune, Oskar, and Reidar Hvalvik. Jewish Believers in Jesus. Peabody, MA: Hendrikson, 2007. ' . . . Roman Church,' 179-216, Minorca, 559-67 (w/Bradbury, below), and Conclusion/'History,' 745-81 (esp. 'How many?' 767-72 (w/Stark, below).

Stark, Rodney. The Rise of Christianity. Princeton: Princeton U., 1996. Esp. C.3, 'Mission to the Jews : Why It Probably Succeeded,' 49-71. Cf. also responses in JECS 6/2 (1998), 162-226.

Barclay, John M. Jews in the Mediterranean Diaspora: From Alexander to Trajan (323 BCE-117 CE). Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1996. Cyrenaica: 232-42; Rome: 282-319; Assimilation, Convergence, Antagonism; Identity: 320-444.


Romans 15:22-24; 16:1-16 and 21-23; Acts 18:2-3

Hippolytus. Refutation Bk 9, c. 7 (on Callistus and synagogue); Bk 9, c. 13-24 ('Judaism')

Brown, Raymond E., and John P. Meier. Antioch and Rome. NY: Paulist, 1983. Brown on Rome: 87-216.

Donfried, Karl P., Ed. The Romans Debate. Revised and Expanded. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1991. Essays by Wiefel, 85-101, Watson, 203-15, and Lampe, 216-30.

______ , and Peter Richardson. Judaism and Christianity in First-Century Rome. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1998. Essays by Donfried, 1-12, Richardson, 17-29, Rutgers, 93-116, Brändle and Stegemann, 117-27, Osiek, 151-72, and Walters, 175-95.

Lampe, Peter. From Paul to Valentinus: Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2003.

Leon, Harry J. The Jews of Ancient Rome. Philadelphia: JPS, 1960. The 'Updated' edition (Hendrickson, 1995) has a new Intro by Carolyn Osiek and additional inscriptions.

Rutgers, Leonard V. The Jews in Late Ancient Rome: Evidence of Cultural Interaction in the Roman Diaspora. Leiden/NY: Brill, 1995.

Schäfer, Peter. Judeophobia. Cambridge: Harvard U., 1997. C’s on Proselytism, 106-18, Rome, 180-95, and Conclusion, 197-211.

Slingerland, H. Dixon. Claudian Policymaking and the Early Imperial Repression of Judaism at Rome. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1997.

Spain; Minorca

Synod of Elvira: Canons 16 (marriage: J/H), 49 (fields: J), 50 (eat with: J), 78 (adultery w/: J/P)

Severus (Severo) of Minorca. Letter on the Conversion of the Jews. Oxford: Clarendon, 1996.

Jewett, Robert. 'Paul, Phoebe, and the Spanish Mission,' in The Social World of Formative Christianity and Judaism (Kee Fest.). Ed. By Jacob Neusner et al. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1988, 142-61.

Bowers, W. P. 'Jewish Communities in Spain in the Time of Paul the Apostle,' JTS 26 (1975), 395-402.

North Africa

Applebaum, Shimon. Jews and Greeks in Ancient Cyrene. Leiden: Brill, 1979

Barnes, Timothy David. Tertullian: A Historical and Literary Study. Oxford: Clarendon, 1971. Esp. c.7 'Christianity in Carthage,' 60-84, c.8 'Christians and Pagans,' and App. 22 'Jewish Origins,' 73-76; Add 'Postscript' of 1985 reprint, esp. 329-31 (correction on T. and Jews).

Ferron, J., and Lapeyre, G. 'Carthage,' DHGE 11 (1949), 1149-1233.


Fredriksen, Paula. 'Excaecati occulta justitia Dei: Augustine on Jews and Judaism.' JECS 3 (1995), 295-324.

Cohen, Jeremy. Living Letters of the Law. Berkeley, CA: U. Cal., 1999. On Augustine and Jews and Judaism: 19-65

Blumenkranz, Bernhard. 'Augustin et les Juifs, Augustin et le Judaisme,' Recherches augustininnes 1 (1958), 225-41..

Efroymson, David P. 'Whose Jews? Augustine's Tractatus on John,' in A Multiform Heritage: (Kraft Fest.). Ed. Benjamin G. Wright. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1999, 197-211.